CLP 6169, Week 1 Notes
CLP 6169, Week 1 Notes CLP 6169
Popular in Adult Development and Psychopathology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jadenole on Sunday January 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLP 6169 at Florida State University taught by Dr. E in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Adult Development and Psychopathology in Language at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/10/16
Psychopathology & Lifespan Development: Lecture 1 ** Refer to slideshow 1 from course library: The information below includes lecture details, not a repeat of the slide information Theories intro (slide 2): The transition between stages can significantly impact an individual’s mental health in a positive or negative way Freud’s Psychosexual Stages (slides 4-6): Freud called failure to make progress to the next stage “fixation.” In Latency there is not much activity, this stage is considered to be the downtime between phallic and genital stages where children are consumed by school Freud’s theory is pessimistic, there is either progress or fixation (no remediation) The anal stage involves having a need for control (Ex: toilet training) o Once could develop control issues if fixated in this stage (Ex: OCD) Deprivation or too much of something (pampering) can lead to psychological issues o Ex: Feeding in the oral stage If an individual becomes fixated in one of the 4 stages, when they encounter problems later in life, they will revert back to behavior from the stage in which they were fixated Erickson’s Psychosocial Stages (slide 7): We never stop growing – Erikson expanded his theory from childhood stages into adulthood (e.g., over the lifespan) Erickson had a more optimistic view of human nature than Freud Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (slide 8): Seen as more cross-cultural than other theories Maslow agreed with Freud in that too much or too little of something can lead to mental health problems Two categories of needs: Basic and Growth (reference slide 8) It is estimates that very few people actually reach self-actualization There may be some issue with self-actualization being trans-cultural; there are some cultures in which basic needs are not fulfilled, so it would be difficult for these people to reach higher levels of the Maslow’s pyramid (in theory) Sheehy’s 10 Stages of Adult Development (slide 11): The proposed stages seem to be changing with time; people are living longer lives and some of the people in various categories do not fit in Sheehy’s stages o Ex: A 70 year-old may still work full-time The results of the adult happiness study (1981) have been supported by more recent studies Men experience more “volatile” happiness patterns than women as they age. It is thought that women may feel more satisfied with who they are and their place in life by the time they reach their 70s. Aging Well (slides 14-15): Lifestyle choices are by far the strongest predictor of happiness as we age Subjective health (e.g., how we feel) is just as important as objective, measurable health Emotional intelligence (EI) is essential to adaptation and successful coping later in life Those who experience early onset of a disability have a higher quality of life and report more happiness than those with late onset disabilities o These individuals have often learned to be “great copers.”