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EEX2000 week 3 notes

by: Tori Ruby

EEX2000 week 3 notes EEX2000

Tori Ruby

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About this Document

Notes include cognitive and physical/health disabilities
Impact of disabilities: home, community and workplace
Penny R Cox
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Impact of disabilities: home, community and workplace

Popular in Special Education

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tori Ruby on Sunday January 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EEX2000 at University of Florida taught by Penny R Cox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Impact of disabilities: home, community and workplace in Special Education at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 01/10/16
January 19, 2016- Types of disabilities  Cognitive disabilities o General term. Refers to conditions that cause difficulty with mentally performed tasks o Functions that can be effected  Memory  Problem-solving  Attention  Use of language  Ability to do math  Comprehension of visual stimuli o Cognitive disabilities include  Intellectual disabilities  Problems caused by brain injury  Attention deficit disorder  Dementia o Minor cognitive disabilities might never be formally identified o The more severe the cognitive impairment, the more independence is impeded o Causes of intellectual disabilities can occur  Prenatally  Chromosomal/genetic  Maternal health  Environmental  Perinatally: immediately before or after birth  Postnatally  Illness  Injury  Environmental: understimulation o Fragile X syndrome  Most common inherited cause  Can result in some unique facial characteristics  Can cause hyperactive, distractible, impulsive attitudes in boys  Can cause anxiety, depression, shyness in girls o Down syndrome  Most common chromosomal condition  Usually results in mild to moderate disability  Results in some specific common characteristics  Flat facial profile  Upward slant to the eye  Short neck  Abnormally shaped ears  Brushfield spots  Single, deep transverse crease on the palm  Smaller than average (stature)  Poor muscle tone (hypotonia)  Joint looseness  Broad feet with short toes  Short, stubby fingers o According to the AAIDD, intellectual disability  Is characterized by significant limits  Intellectual function  Adaptive behavior  Is present before the age of 18 o Currently, emphasis goes beyond quantitative data  Provides more positive perspective  Uses IQ cautiously  Gives credence to the concepts of adaptive behavior and needed supports  Physical and health disabilities o Low vision  Cataracts  diabetic retinopathy o Blindness  Impaired social skills  Impaired literacy  Impaired self-advocacy o Hearing  Hard of hearing  Deaf issues  Age of onset  Means of communication  Cultural identity  Cochlear implants o Deaf/blind o Orthopedic: Impaired motor abilities  Muscles, joints, bones  Damage to the central nervous system  Damage to or loss of a limb/appendage  Examples  Cerebral palsy  Spinal cord injury  Multiple sclerosis  Muscular dystrophy  Spina bifida  Limb deficiency o Cerebral palsy: affects ability to move  Damage to parts of the brain  Types  Spastic  Athetoid  Ataxic  Mixed  Cerebral palsy is not  Hereditary  Progressive  Curable o Health  Illnesses or diseases that affect organs  Can be acquired or genetic  Characteristics  Reduce physical strength and energy  Alter ability to attend and/or remain alert  Can be o Chronic o Acute o Progressive o Non progressive  Examples  Seizure disorders  Asthma  Diabetes  HIV/AIDS  Cancer  Attention deficit disorder


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