EEX2000 week 3 notes
EEX2000 week 3 notes EEX2000
Popular in Impact of disabilities: home, community and workplace
Popular in Special Education
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tori Ruby on Sunday January 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EEX2000 at University of Florida taught by Penny R Cox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Impact of disabilities: home, community and workplace in Special Education at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 01/10/16
January 19, 2016- Types of disabilities Cognitive disabilities o General term. Refers to conditions that cause difficulty with mentally performed tasks o Functions that can be effected Memory Problem-solving Attention Use of language Ability to do math Comprehension of visual stimuli o Cognitive disabilities include Intellectual disabilities Problems caused by brain injury Attention deficit disorder Dementia o Minor cognitive disabilities might never be formally identified o The more severe the cognitive impairment, the more independence is impeded o Causes of intellectual disabilities can occur Prenatally Chromosomal/genetic Maternal health Environmental Perinatally: immediately before or after birth Postnatally Illness Injury Environmental: understimulation o Fragile X syndrome Most common inherited cause Can result in some unique facial characteristics Can cause hyperactive, distractible, impulsive attitudes in boys Can cause anxiety, depression, shyness in girls o Down syndrome Most common chromosomal condition Usually results in mild to moderate disability Results in some specific common characteristics Flat facial profile Upward slant to the eye Short neck Abnormally shaped ears Brushfield spots Single, deep transverse crease on the palm Smaller than average (stature) Poor muscle tone (hypotonia) Joint looseness Broad feet with short toes Short, stubby fingers o According to the AAIDD, intellectual disability Is characterized by significant limits Intellectual function Adaptive behavior Is present before the age of 18 o Currently, emphasis goes beyond quantitative data Provides more positive perspective Uses IQ cautiously Gives credence to the concepts of adaptive behavior and needed supports Physical and health disabilities o Low vision Cataracts diabetic retinopathy o Blindness Impaired social skills Impaired literacy Impaired self-advocacy o Hearing Hard of hearing Deaf issues Age of onset Means of communication Cultural identity Cochlear implants o Deaf/blind o Orthopedic: Impaired motor abilities Muscles, joints, bones Damage to the central nervous system Damage to or loss of a limb/appendage Examples Cerebral palsy Spinal cord injury Multiple sclerosis Muscular dystrophy Spina bifida Limb deficiency o Cerebral palsy: affects ability to move Damage to parts of the brain Types Spastic Athetoid Ataxic Mixed Cerebral palsy is not Hereditary Progressive Curable o Health Illnesses or diseases that affect organs Can be acquired or genetic Characteristics Reduce physical strength and energy Alter ability to attend and/or remain alert Can be o Chronic o Acute o Progressive o Non progressive Examples Seizure disorders Asthma Diabetes HIV/AIDS Cancer Attention deficit disorder
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