Chapter 1 Pages 4-19 Reading Notes
Chapter 1 Pages 4-19 Reading Notes GSCI 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Zerr on Sunday January 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GSCI 110 at Fort Hays State University taught by Dr. Kuntz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 01/10/16
Reading p. 4-19 Tuesday, January 19, 2016 9:31 PM Globalization - the increasing interconnectedness of people and places through converging economic, political, and cultural activities. Diversity- a tension between the global and the local Diversity+ globalization= yin + yang. They are polar opposites but work harmoniously. Economic globalization - link regionsand most people instantly. Transport moves goods quickly, more global companies, 24-hour trading, tree trade by global agree. Market economies and privateenterprises replace state economies and service. An abundance of goods, economies disputes or rich vs poor cause immigration,international workers= strong economic force. Is fast food corrupting diets? Hybridization- mixing cultures? Globalizationhas weekendindividualstates by strengthening regional economic and politic organizations power (ex. WTO) Global companiesuse local'sresources. Globalizationcause pollution, people displacement, climatechange, deforestation, etc. Globalization- overcome eco problems or leaving the world poor? Economic convergence - the poor countries of the world will graduallycatch up with more advance ecosystems. Is globalizationnature? More poor population than rich, yet the rich consume more resources. Most wares fought within, not between. Flat - the abilityof financial capital and production to flow easilyfrom one place to another, changing locations for technical advantage and product that can be sold anywhere in the world. Geography- "describing the earth" Physical geography- climate, landforms, soil, hydrology. Human geography - economic, social, and cultural systems. Thematic or systematic geography - Regional geography - Areal differentiation - describe and explainthe differences that distinguishone part of the world from another. Areal integration - stud of how places interact with one another. Regions - units of spatial similarity Formal regions - defined by physical form, likemountain range, climate, or valley,and culture Functionalregion - certain activity takes place (ex. "Americascorn belt") Vernacular regions - spatial stereotypes that have no physical boundaries in the physical language Cultural landscape - the visiblematerial expressionof human settlement, past and present. Relative locations - locate places in terms of their relationship to another landscape feature Absolutelocation - mathematical location Parallels - linesof latitude, run E-W (horizontal) Meridians - linesof longitude,run N-S (vertical) Prime meridian - 0 degrees longitude Global positioningsystem (GPS)- absolute location on earth Map scale, mathematical ration between map and the surface area being mapped. Representative fraction - cartographic term for the numerical valueof map scale Graphic - meters, kilo Linear scale - feet, meters, miles,kilometers Reference map - location of certain features Reference map - location of certain features Thematic map - more complex spatial phenome choropleth maps - map different intensityof data Remote sensing - electromagneticimagesby airplane or satellite Geographicalinformation system (GIS) - data from maps, aerial phots, remote sensing, and sensing tracts
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