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HIST3625 Week 1

by: Hannah Chong

HIST3625 Week 1 History 3625

Hannah Chong
GPA 3.37

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Week 1 Notes
War in Europe and America Since 1500
Dr.Robin Conner
Class Notes
Battle of Agincourt, HIST3625
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Chong on Sunday January 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 3625 at Georgia State University taught by Dr.Robin Conner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see War in Europe and America Since 1500 in History at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 01/10/16
Week 1: 01/12/2016 – 01/14/2016 The Battle of Agincourt Pretext:  Long history of conflict between the English (Henry V) and France  Henry V believed he had rightful claim to the land of France  Banked and approached from Port Harfleur o Arrived with ~10k soldiers, but many got injured, sick, etc. o Englishmen Army made up mostly of archers.  The plan was to march to Port Calais but the French intercepted at the River Somme and made camp in Agincourt o The French Army had ~25k soldiers, so why did they lose? Possible Explanations: 1. The French had poor command/commanders 2. The English were encouraged by Henry V skills as a general 3. The English had an advantage with their numbers in archers 4. The French Army performed poorly What Happened?  The English moved their position to come closer to the French  The French were busy eating and drinking wine before the imminent battle  Englishmen send a volley of arrows to draw out the French  French Cavalry sends out onto the muddy terrain, making the trek longer  Cavalry get shot, men and horses fall, leaving more obstacles for the infantry  Foot soldiers get sent in the next wave, heavy with steel armour and equipment, making them easy targets  Bottlenecking, causing an increased volume of soldiers blocked off on one side, while another wave of foot soldiers come from behind  Volleys attack the French, and when they are within reasonable distance, the archers attack with hammers and tools. History: Early Modern Military Revolutions 1. The changes in land warfare from the late 1400s to 1700s. 2. The changes in naval warfare from the late 1400s to 1700s.  Up to the 1400s, the Cavalry dominated both political and military forces.  1400s: New reliance on infantry. o These men were heavily made up by contract soldiers and mercenaries who relied on pillaging and looting for money.  1500s: Military put emphasis on discipline and drilling. o Weapon of choice: Pikes—slowly transitioning to Matchlock Muskets  1600s: Combination of both Pikes and Muskets Innovations in Infantry Tactics  Early 1600s: Maurice of Orange and the Dutch Countermarch o Organized men so that the first line of men shoot their muskets and go to the back of the line to reload, so the next line of men can shoot. Process is repeated to have continuous fire. 16 -17 Century  Pikes become obsolete  Bayonets and socket bayonets replace pikes and are designed to fit on top of the musket. Innovation in Siege Tactics and Warfare  Canons become primary weapon of choice for siege tactics o 14 -15 century, most places surrender due to the risks th  Change in architecture around the 17 century o Star Fort: created to watch at different angles all around the perimeter. Mid-1600s  Louis XIV of France: o Absolute monarch makes it so that the military is an instrument of state power o Uses the military as a resource to establish and fortify power and government.  Strength in Military → Conquer lands → Raise taxes to fortify Strength in Military → Conquer lands → Raise more taxes. Naval Revolution  The development and use of Science and innovative technology  Astrolabe: used to determine an accurate position at sea o Better awareness in mapping and location  The use of magnetic compasses  Caravel: change in design of battle ships, extends open water seafaring o Allows better accuracy and range o The triangular shapes of the sails allow lighter and faster travelling. 1500s-1600s  Design for canons to be built into the design of the boat/ship.  Levels of ships dedicated for gun parts and canons.  The “Line-Ahead” tactic o Travel in a line going parallel to enemy ship, fire canon in succession  Infantry: incremental changes over time, not much development  Naval power: drastic development, little change over time


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