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Intro Soc 1020- Week 1

by: RachelB

Intro Soc 1020- Week 1 Soc 1020

Marketplace > University of Cincinnati > Sociology > Soc 1020 > Intro Soc 1020 Week 1
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About this Document

Week 1 notes- intro to a few sociologists and the Sociological Perspective
Intro to Sociology 1020
Professor Lambert
Class Notes
sociology, intro sociology




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by RachelB on Sunday January 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 1020 at University of Cincinnati taught by Professor Lambert in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology 1020 in Sociology at University of Cincinnati.


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Date Created: 01/10/16
Soc 1020- Intro to Sociology Buckel Professor A. Lambert Sociology  There are unspoken rules of society o Ex) there are unspoken rules in the men’s bathroom Where would you place a first man in this bathroom? A second? A third? Fourth?  Norms- rules/expectations of society  Deviant- one who violates norms  Socialization- learning the ways of society o Ex) little kids don’t know proper public etiquette until taught, they look under bathroom stalls, make scenes in public, etc. Psychology vs Sociology  Psychology- study of the individual o Ex) mental illnesses, mental disabilities, etc  Sociology- study factors outside the individual o Ex) culture, religion, family, age, race, gender  Social Psych- gray area between psychology and sociology, where certain factors of a person’s environment apply to both fields of study  Social Location- groups you belong to that affect your life o Ex) job, income, education, age, gender, race, ethnicity  ^Social Class^ Tradition vs Science  Industrial Revolution- masses of people moved to cities in search of work in factories (invention of machinery/steam engine)  Sociology grew from social upheaval as a result of extreme poverty, poor working conditions, and maltreatment of workers  Rise of the scientific method  Objective hypotheses and experiments about and within one’s environment to discover more August Comte (1798-1857)  Wondered what holds society together  Positivism- applying scientific method to social world  Coined the term “sociology”  Practiced the “Armchair Philosiphy”- didn’t go out to conduct research and show people his observations Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)  Second founder of sociology  Disagreed sharply with Comte’s idea that sociologists should guide social reform  Coined the phrase “survival of the fittest”, now known as Social Darwinism o Thought it was wrong to help the poor because of this philosophy- this offended many Karl Marx  Believed human history was driven by class conflict  Bourgeoisie vs Proletariat o Bourgeoisie owned factories, land, factory equipment: means of production o Proletariats were workers, low wages, very poor, lower class  Thought people should try to change society  Didn’t see himself as a sociologist Emile Durkheim  Got sociology recognized as a separate discipline  Studied how social forces affect behavior o Society’s influence on suicide rates (bold means higher rates)  Catholics v Protestants- pushed for individual thinking  Married v Unmarried- fewer social ties  Male v Female- males have fewer social groups; masculinity= less community  Social Integration- degree to which people are connected to society o Less-connected people = higher suicide rates Max Weber  Argued religion lead to origin of capitalism  Disagreed with Marx’s claim that economics is central force in social change  Says that role belongs to religion  Compared religious groups: Catholics vs Calvinist Protestants o Calvinist Protestant belief: “nose to the grindstone”- work hard and save money – led to the “Spirit of Communism” o Catholic belief: people are born with sin and need to beg for forgiveness to make it into heaven Harriet Martineau  Published Society in America before Durkheim and Weber were born  Her work was ignored o Sexism was prominent- few women were educated and sex roles were rigidly defined Jane Addams  Came from wealth and privilege  Member of American Sociological Reform start  Co-founded Hull House o This function, funded by donations mainly from wealthy women, was a building for all kinds of activities, ranging from being a research center, to a night school, to becoming a 13-building complex that hosted many more activities such as an art program and a summer camp.  Co-founded American Civil Liberties Union o “Advocating individual rights by litigating, legislating, and educating the public on a broad array of issues affecting individual freedom”- “The Forgotten Sociologists”- women of sociology


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