Chapter 1 EAB3764
Chapter 1 EAB3764 EAB3764
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Valerie Valledor on Monday January 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EAB3764 at University of Florida taught by Jennifer Haddock in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Applied Behavioral Analysis in Psychlogy at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 01/11/16
Applied Behavior Analysis Ch1 01/07/2016 ▯ I. “Behavior” Anything one says/does Observable & Measurable “Dead Man’s Test” o walking, talking, thinking (yes) o sleeping, feeling (no) anything one says/does observable & measurable “dead man’s test” o walking, talking, thinking (yes) o sleeping, feeling (no) o ▯ II. Experimental Analysis of Behavior (EAB) Basic Research Via exp. Manipulation of environmental variables Emphasis of observable features of Bx Demonstration of basic principles of behavior ▯ III. Behaviorism General theory of Bx and it’s causes, based empirically Lawful, det. By observable and measurable features of environment Predicted & controlled Most scientific (feelings are not measurable/observable so no theories on it) ▯ IV. ABA Overt(observable) v. Covert (unobservable) Feelings are generally correlates, not causes of Bx ▯ V. Applied Behavioral Analysis ▯ -application of behavioral principles to problems of social importance pre-scientific revolution if medicine Meds-Pre1800s o Asses: observe systems, interview patient o Hyp: guess treatment about cause Claude Bernard Proposes… o Known: disruptions of normal states of living o Assess: disruptions of normal physiology o Therapeutics: identify agents that cause the disease Applied to Psych Disorders o Late 1800’s to 1900’s no science of Bx o Example; moodswings No real explanation Conclusion: Freud makes up conflict between Id & SuperEgo o Problem: DOES NOT SAY ANYTHING ABOUT CAUSE/RELATIONSHIP ▯ VI. Scientific Study of Enviro-Behavior Interaction Respondent Conditioning: enviro Bx relationship based on antecedents o Ex; Ivan Pavlov, accidentally found “conditional” reflexes o Sechnor discov. Spinal reflexes & Bechterov discov. Muscular ▯ VII. Science of Behavior John Watson: worked on respondent conditioning(operant) & termed Behaviorism Thorndike: problem solving in nonhumans & cointed term “instrumental behavior” as behavior that produced usual consequences “law of effect” Skinner: distinct between respondent(reflexive) and operant(instrumental) learning ▯ JEAB (1958) ▯ JABA (1968) ▯ ABA (1978) ▯ ▯ ▯ Some Current Dimensions of ABA ▯ Pub. 1 issue of JABA ▯ Coined term ABA ▯ Proposes criteria for evaluation of research ▯ Most freq. cited article ▯ People don’t want a “technology of behavior” meaning they don’t want to understand the causes of their behavior ▯ ▯ I. ABA ▯ -application of learning principles to imp. Behavior ▯ -evaluation of whether observed changes are a function of (attributed to) the procedures applied ▯ - value of demonstration of how behavior worsens replicating bad behavior allows one to prevent it, need yo know what caused it in order to treat it ▯ Why non-experimental analysis is a contradiction in terms? One would be analyzing (manipulation something) which is experimental by definition ▯ II. 7 Dimensions of ABA Applied: focus on behavior with important social significance o Arbitrary response in clinical objects will be transitional, behavior is non human subject can be used with ABA Behavioral: Focuses on observable events/direct measurements o Saying v. Doing Verbal description of behavior may be unreliable but verbal behavior is important in it’s own right Observer Reliability: human observer is prone to more errors than a machine, subject to varying sources of control Analytical: focuses on demonstration of functional relations o “turning it on/off” Technological: procedure is identified and clearly described o Rule of Thumb: Can a typ. Trained reader replicate the procedures and results o Contingencies for response, non-response, alternate response Conceptually Systematic: procedures tied to underlying principles Outcome of research on unrelated principles can become unwieldy collection of tricks Outcome of concept of systematic research becomes organized tech. Effectiveness ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯
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