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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by LeAnne Coles on Monday January 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 01/11/16
11/4 Personality Personality: a person’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting Perspectives on personality: Psychodynamic (psychoanalytic) Humanistic Traits Socialcognitive Psychodynamic Perspective Descended from Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis 1. Personality comes from interactions between 2. Conscious 3. Unconscious 4. Importance of childhood experiences Freud: 18561939 Controversial Australian Neurologist Specialized in nervous disorders Believed that psychological disorders and neurological disorders were related Proposed the unconscious mind Personality for Feud: From conflicts between impulses and restraints We want satisfaction without guilt Key Concepts Psychoanalysis: Feud attributes thoughts feelings to unconscious motives inner conflicts Unconscious Mind: holds unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories Free association: patient relaxes and says whatever comes to mind Dream analysis: underlying motives we try to censor come out in dreams Personality and the Unconscious Id: Primal desires, basic nature Ego: Reason and selfcontrol Super Ego: The Quest for Perfection Id: fueled by unconscious energy; Driven to satisfy sexual aggressive urges Operates on pleasure principles Wants instant gratification Super Ego: the moral compass; angel within Tells us how we ought to behave Perfectionist Judges if action will lead to guilt or pleasure The ideal moral self Ego: the executive Tries to comprise with the Id, and Super Ego Operates on reality principle Finds realistic ways to bring long term pleasure Personality Development (Freud) Oral: 0 to 1, weaning off of breast feeding or formula Anal: 1 to 3, Toilet Training Phallic: 3 to 6, resoling Oedipus/ Electra complex Latency: 6 to 12 developing defense mechanisms Genital: 12+, Reaching full sexual maturity Psychosexual Development During the Phallic Stage, boys seek genital stimulation 1. In boys: The Oedipus Complex The development unconscious sexual desies for mother and jealousy/ hatred for the father 2. In girls: The Electra Complex Resolution> cope by identifying with the same gender parent Defense Mechanisms: reducing anxiety by disguising threating impulses as something else We protect ourselves Most basic defense mechanisms: Repression Underlies all the other defense mechanisms Mechanisms Denial Repression Projection Regression Displacement Rationalization NeoFreudian and later Psychodynamic theorists Freudian concepts persist today Personality structure Defense mechanisms Famous NeoFreudians Alfred Alder: We behave to conquer childhood feelings of inferiority Karen Horney: childhood is important at a social not sexual level Carl Jung: collective unconscious shared inherited memory passes through generation Protective Test: the use of ambiguous shapes to uncover unconscious thoughts Inkblot Test
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