Trauma and Crisis, Week 1 Notes
Trauma and Crisis, Week 1 Notes MHS 6938
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jadenole on Monday January 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MHS 6938 at Florida State University taught by Dr. C in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Trauma and Crisis in Language at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/11/16
Trauma and Crisis: Lecture 1 What is the difference between a trauma, crisis, and a tragedy? Our thoughts (from class): Trauma: unfortunate event (effect), beginning of event, physical or mental effects, personal/internal effects. When an event exceeds a person’s ability to cope with it. Crisis: current/present or ongoing event, an urgent situation requiring immediate attention Tragedy: sad/somber event, involves loss of some kind Formal definitions: Crisis: condition of instability; a dramatic upheaval in one’s life. A crisis exceeds an individual’s ability to cope – subjective in nature. Trauma: Medical definition – a penetrating injury. Psychological - an experience that produces psychological injury. Can be acute or chronic. Tragedy: a shocking or sad event. Do not take a “one size fits all” approach. Models of intervention are helpful starting points, but we must look at each client as an individual. A crisis can be good or bad. Example of a good crisis: a big, positive change, such as getting a great job offer that requires you to move out of state. Individuals who experience crisis are often surprised by their own emotional reaction – could be overly emotional or have a lack of emotion. ** Remember: The goal of crisis intervention is stabilization. The goal is to stabilize to pre-crisis baseline levels. Sometimes we simply need to help the person figure out their next possible steps. You are not just responding to the person, you are responding to a system. Post-modern approaches: The counselor can give an audience to the person’s story, and provide an opportunity for a new story to unfold. Examples: narrative, existential (making meaning), solution focused, and strengths-based (good for people who have trouble seeing the positive) approaches. Ethics code, laws, and standards of practice can be used to support methods of intervention, and to better understand and process dilemmas. Notes on Slideshow 1: Professional anchor (slide 3): helps an individual cope to get to the next step. Example: prayer, repeating Bible verses or song lyrics, mindfulness exercises Stress and trauma symptom domains: Physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. Examples: Physical: adrenaline, tears, heavy breathing, tunnel vision, fatigue, sweating Cognitive: confusion, loss of memory, speechless Emotional: anxiety, anger, lack of emotion (numb), sad, fearful, guilt, helplessness Behavioral: aggression, panic, withdrawal, isolation, attention-seeking Spiritual: trying to find meaning, how or why something happened, adopt or reject beliefs The domains are different based on the individual and the developmental level of the person. View Symptoms of Stress and Trauma chart on Blackboard (Headington-institute)