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by: Ryan Schulte

IntlCommWeek1.pdf J 396

Ryan Schulte
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About this Document

Week one class notes, contains all the answers to the first two attendance quizzes
Intl Communication
Teddy Workneh
Class Notes
International Communications




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Schulte on Monday January 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to J 396 at University of Oregon taught by Teddy Workneh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intl Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 01/11/16
Intl. Communications Week 1 01/07/2016 ▯ International Communication: from the Latin word communicare meaning to share. ▯ Information exchange happens globally, crossing borders. And occurs between several types of people, governments, corporations, businesses. ▯ ▯ Focus: The economical and Political ▯ VS. ▯ The technological and Cultural ▯ It is interdisciplinary, generally geographically oriented, widespread and multilayered. ▯ ▯ IC involves different people, religions, value systems, practices, customs, and cultures. ▯ ▯ IC can be used for good or bad, and it is getting easier and easier for someone to reach a broad audience in a short period of time. ▯ ▯ Historically IC has been used: (20 Century) th  Idealistic/Humanistic -Communication promoting global harmony (United Nations)  Proselytization -Promotes conversion and domination (Evangelization)  Economic -Promotion of economic strategy and interests  Political -Promoting political interest (VOA) ▯ International Communications Key Innovations ▯ Darius I (522-486 B.C.)  Sent news to the capital provinces by means of a line of shouting men positioned in key strategic areas in order to pass on a message ▯ The Acta Diurna  Popularized by Julius Ceaser in ancient Rome meaning the day of Athens ▯ The Silk Road  Connected China, India, Persia and Europe  Very important to trade and communication ▯ The Printing Press (16 Century)  Johan Gutenberg made it widely used  Allowed the bible to be widely spread, which spread literacy and communicated key values  Also allowed scripture to be translated into different languages, further spreading the ability to communicate  Under minded political authority of priests, scribes, political and cultural elites (people no longer needed them as “middle men”)  Allowed the rise of vernacular languages ▯ ▯ Luther  95 Thesis (a list of concerns that this guy had about Catholicism)  The key of which was indulgence (catholic church accepting money in exchange for forgiveness)  The same time that the printing press was accessible in Europe  His literature was targeted at his colleagues in the church  A key innovation that came from this was the “Pamphlet”. Luther’s followers made an abbreviated version of his book, and distributed it.  These pamphlets were then translated to German, which was much more widely spoken than the traditional Latin language. ▯ Telegraph (1837)  Invented by Samuel Morse  First adopted by the business community  Offered significant military implications  1851-68 the Telegraph reached across the Atlantic, to the Mediterranean, Indian Ocean, and Persian Gulf.  In 1865 The International Telegraph Union was founded with 22 Members  Most undersea telegraph cables were controlled by Great Britain ▯ ▯ ▯ The Era of News Agencies  Came along with the invention of the telegraph  Several news agencies sprung up now that countries were interconnected French, Havas (1839) Germany, Wolff (1849) British, Reuters (1851) US Associated Press (1848) Russia TASS (1904) ▯ Due to the limitations of the telegraph it lost popularity and was replaced by the Telephone ▯ Limitations included:  During wartime since Brittan controlled most of the telegraph lines, Brittan would block off or intercept communications with rival countries ▯ Radio  1902 the first radio transmission  Challenged British communication links  Overcame the vulnerability of using wired communications which the wires could be cut  1912: agreement to register wavelength usage to International Radiotelegraph Union ▯ ~Radio is divided by Commercial and public broadcasting corporations The Radio act of 1927 made radio a commercial enterprise funded by advertising ▯ ▯ ▯


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