HDFS 1070 Week 1 Notes
HDFS 1070 Week 1 Notes HDFS 1070
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Tabacchini on Monday January 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 1070 at University of Connecticut taught by Ronald Sabatelli in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 212 views. For similar materials see Individual and Family Development in Human Development at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 01/11/16
Developmental/Contextualism and BioEcological Perspectives 1/19/16 Lecture What is a theory and why are they important? Theories and observations are interdependent A theory is an explanation for something we observe LifeSpan Developmental Theory (Individual development over time) Nature vs. Nurture contributions to this theory o These factors (nature and nurture) have a mutual influence on each other (ex. Born male or female and treated differently depending on sex) o Environment responds to genetics o Environment can change genes o Chemicals, brain chemicals, growth potentials (ex. Electrical stimulation (playing a significant amount of video games) alter brain chemistry (decreased attention, decreased persistence, and desire for continuous stimulation) Developmental/contextual Perspective on Lifespan Development Bronfenbrenner o Highlights the essential interaction between genes and environment o Enhances awareness of all environmental factors that interact with one another o Assumptions of the Developmental/Contextual Perspective: 1: Potential for growth exists at all stages 2: Continuity and change are possible Epigenetic Principle early stages serve as a foundation for later stage development… early stages are predictive of how you will develop (ex. Being shy as a baby predicts that one will be shy throughout life as well) 3: Importance of Context The environment 4: Context is grounded in time History and time are important; the time you develop in has significance Factors that shape the path of development over the entire life course 3 basic categories of shapers which interact and mutually influence each other: o 1: Individual Contributions ex: metacognitive abilities, genetics o 2: Environmental Contributions o 3: Time Historical time Family history Chronological age Family life events Individual Contributions o Genetics and the Trajectory of Development DNA contributes to variability in individuals o “Constructions of Reality” “Metacognition” when one thinks about his or her thoughts and reconstructs reality in their mind Allows for intervention to change life course use meta cognition as a tool to reframe experiences 1/22 Lecture Notes Environmental contributions to the path of development in Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Model – Multilayered systems of influence Macrosystem influences o These influence one’s environment and development and influence how policies are structured o Individualism vs. Collectivism Individualism Demands individual responsibility such as education and quality of life but allows for individualism (ex. The US) Collectivism The responsibility of a collectivist society is to ensure the welfare of the people (ex. Widespread societal commitment to quality preschool and daycare every child has a right to this… does not occur in the US) o Hierarchy vs. Egalitarianism Hierarchy Patriarchal societies (ex. Men have more power nd over women… women are therefore 2 class citizens) Egalitarianism Minimize the differences between men and women and emphasize equality Exosystem influences o Observe and experience (ex. Education, religion, media, family, government, health care) Ex. Car seat for babies were not required in the past, which influenced children of the time o Can be influenced by another exosystem which therefore influences you Microsystem influences o Personal relationships with significant others that shape how one develops (can also be a significant other’s absence) o Can be positive or negative shapers Mesosystem influences o The interaction among all influences (micro, macro & exo) how they mutually influence each other o Ex. Parents mistrust school, which in turn makes you mistrust the teachers o Ex. Parents don’t believe you o Ex. Your relationship with someone is affected by your parent(s) Time/Chronosystem Historical events that occur over time and the events that we experience personally over time have a significant impact on individual development Cohort person born in a particular era, which makes their life unique o History unique = life unique Events that influence cohorts o Normative historygraded events (outside government): widespread events that filter through to an individual and influence all systems (ex. War, Sandy Hook, 9/11) o Normative sociocultural graded events (inside government): changes in policy and law in different periods of time o History and sociocultural graded events mutually influence each other Personal History events that impact course of development o Normative events (ex. Birthdays, marriage, death) o Nonnormative events Unique to us; something unusual Ex. Cancer at the age of 4, parent killed in 9/11 All of these events contribute to our uniqueness as individuals and generations!
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