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J 467 week 1 notes

by: Alexandra Notetaker

J 467 week 1 notes J467

Alexandra Notetaker
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About this Document

Covers the first few lectures and readings of this course.
Developing Countries
Irene Awino
Class Notes
journalism, developing countries, international relations




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Monday January 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to J467 at University of Oregon taught by Irene Awino in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Developing Countries in Journalism Core at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 01/11/16
J 467- Communication for Development & Social Change in Developing Countries Professor Irene D. Awino Office Hours- Tuesday 11-12:30pm & by appointment in 210 Allen Hall Week 1 The concept of development -came into vogue after WWII 1945 -Europe needed to be rebuilt -development is related to aid -The US and the USSR were strong after WWII -aid was provided to prevent spread of Communism, create markets, and prevent future wars Bilateral= between governments aid Multilateral= underground whoever they want to give aid Oct. 24th 1945 United Nations -UN agencies -covers many different types of humanitarian issues Bretton Woods Institutions -Inception in 1944 -opened in 1946 -mission evolved from the Int. Bank for Reconstruction and Development to being a facilitator of post-war reconstruction US AID “From the American People” -Nov 3, 1961 -President Kennedy signed Foreign Assistance Act into law and created USAID -Kennedy and Johnson administration became “decade of development” -presidential initiatives such as PEPFAR The Marshall Plan -George C Marshall, Sec of State, 1947-49 -goals: provide human assistance, rebuild European market for US goods, enable Europe to resist USSR Point 4 Program -1950 -“A better world balance in living conditions” -tech. assistance program as a means to win the “hearts and minds” of the developing world -goals: creating markets for the US, reducing poverty, increasing production in developing countries, diminish threat of communism, help countries prosper under capitalism -1952-61 these goals were a key component of US foreign policy, led to USAID Defining development -improving the living conditions of society -development as good change -various definitions of “development” -Definitions of development -modernization: economic, way of life, values -equity -sustainability -basic needs definition vs. freedom definition -Capabilities Approach -the freedom to achieve well-being is of primary moral importance -freedom to achieve well-being is to be understood in terms of people’s capabilities (real opportunities to be what they want to be) Economic Indicators of Development -Gross Domestic Product (GDP): the monetary value of goods and services produced in a country irrespective of how much is retained in the country. -Gross National Product (GNP): measures the total economic output of a country, including earnings from foreign investments. -Gross National Income (GNI): income accrued to residents of a country, including some international flows, and excluding income generated in the country but repatriated abroad. -Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life. Others: literacy, maternal mortality, infant mortality, life expectancy Millennium Development Goals -Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger/poverty -Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education -Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower women -Goal 4: Reduce child mortality -Goal 5: Improve maternal health -Goal 6: Sustainable Development Goals -lots including hunger, poverty, education… Key issues in development -community -social justice


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