AN 1103: What is Anthropology?
AN 1103: What is Anthropology? AN 1103
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bryanna Lamm on Tuesday January 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AN 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Professor Jean Marcus in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 01/12/16
What is Anthropology? Humans are Primates Anthropology studies primates: ● evolution ● behavior ● biology ● ecology ● of extant and extinct primates Tool use: by humans and chimpanzees Language: by humans and apes who use signs Humans; the animal with culture Anthropology differs: Holisti: breadth in time and space. Biology and behavior of humans in the past, present, and future. Comparative : based on crosscultural research. Isolate cultural universals from cultural particulars. Anthropology is based on fieldwork. 4 field of anthropology: ● cultural or social anthropology ● physical or bio anthropology ● archaeology ● linguistics Cultural Anthropology Main branch, gives theory Studies cultures past and present Answers: What does it mean to be human? Cross cultural approach ● cultural universals ● cultural particulars Defining method: participant observation 2 different viewpoints > Emic perception (insider) > Etic perception (outsider) Ethnography : Study of when a party of culture. Ethnology: Comparative Physical or Bioanthropology ● Genetics ● Anatomy ● Osteology ● Fossil Record ● Hominid/ Primate Evolution Osteology and Forensics ● Studying skeletal material can reveal: ○ Age at time of death ○ Cause of death ○ Race ○ Sex ○ Diet ○ Health & Disease Archaeology Recreates past cultures through excavation and analysis Flora & Fauna: subsistence strategies, ecological information Artifact: Objects made or modified by humans Sites must be dated: ● Relative (one younger other older) ● Absolute ( specific time range) 3D location of artifacts is determined Bioarchaeologists excavate and study human remains Look at also: ● Postholes: buildings, carbon deposits left where the building was ● Postherds:pieces of broken pottery ● Ceramics: style, clay, tempering, glaze Linguistics Humans: symbolic language, rapid articulate speech Study language in a cultural context Language: ● Evolution ● Variation ● Change Units of language: ● Sound ● Meaning ● Form Inventions of writing systems Oral Tradition: folktales, myths, legends, proverbs, jokes, riddles Ethnomusicology Together the four fields work together to study the biology, behavior, and communication of humans, their antecedents and other primates.
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