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AN 1103: What is Anthropology?

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by: Bryanna Lamm

AN 1103: What is Anthropology? AN 1103

Bryanna Lamm
GPA 3.62
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These notes provide the first section of textbook material that will be gone over in the first two weeks of class. It provides the four fields of anthropology and what they are exactly in detail. I...
Introduction to Anthropology
Professor Jean Marcus
Class Notes
Anthropology, intro to anthropology, notes




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"I love that I can count on (Bryanna for top notch notes! Especially around test time..."
Chelsie Schoen

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bryanna Lamm on Tuesday January 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AN 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Professor Jean Marcus in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Mississippi State University.

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr


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I love that I can count on (Bryanna for top notch notes! Especially around test time...

-Chelsie Schoen


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Date Created: 01/12/16
What is Anthropology?  Humans are Primates    Anthropology studies primates:  ● evolution  ● behavior  ● biology  ● ecology  ● of extant and extinct primates    Tool use​: by humans and chimpanzees  Language: ​ by humans and apes who use signs    Humans; the animal with culture    Anthropology differs:  Holisti: breadth in time and space. Biology and behavior of humans in the past, present, and  future.  Comparative​ : based on cross­cultural research. Isolate cultural universals from cultural  particulars.    Anthropology is based on fieldwork.    4 field of anthropology:   ● cultural or social anthropology  ● physical or bio anthropology  ● archaeology  ● linguistics    Cultural Anthropology    Main branch, gives theory  Studies cultures past and present   Answers: What does it mean to be human?  Cross cultural approach  ● cultural universals  ● cultural particulars  Defining method: participant observation    2 different viewpoints ­>  Emic perception (insider) ­> Etic perception (outsider)    Ethnography​ : Study of when a party of culture.  Ethnology:​ Comparative  Physical or Bioanthropology    ● Genetics  ● Anatomy   ● Osteology  ● Fossil Record  ● Hominid/ Primate Evolution    Osteology and Forensics  ● Studying skeletal material can reveal:  ○ Age at time of death  ○ Cause of death  ○ Race  ○ Sex  ○ Diet  ○ Health & Disease    Archaeology     Recreates past cultures through excavation and analysis  Flora & Fauna​: subsistence strategies, ecological information  Artifact: Objects made or modified by humans  Sites must be dated:  ● Relative (one younger other older)  ● Absolute ( specific time range)  3D location of artifacts is determined  Bioarchaeologists​ excavate and study human remains    Look at also:  ● Postholes: buildings, carbon deposits left where the building was  ● Postherds:pieces of broken pottery  ● Ceramics: style, clay, tempering, glaze    Linguistics    Humans: symbolic language, rapid articulate speech  Study language in a cultural context  Language:  ● Evolution  ● Variation  ● Change      Units of language:  ● Sound  ● Meaning  ● Form    Inventions of writing systems  Oral Tradition: folktales, myths, legends, proverbs, jokes, riddles  Ethnomusicology    Together the four fields work together to study the biology, behavior, and communication of  humans, their antecedents and other primates.     


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