Intro Lecture Notes
Intro Lecture Notes Pay 1205
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joshua Notetaker on Tuesday January 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pay 1205 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Rebecca Emery in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views.
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Date Created: 01/12/16
These notes contain the general ideas conveyed in class, and are meant to be accompanied by the slides provided by Becca Emery on courseweb. Lecture Overview Slide: Becca explains she will cover what abnormal psychology is, how we define abnormality, how mental illnesses are diagnosed and how common they are. She also mentions that the textbook goes further into defining abnormality. Abnormal Psychology: The textbook definition essentially means, Abnormal Psychology studies disorders that cause individuals stress or activity different from the norm. No personal attribute is, (becca’s terms), “Neccesary or Sufficient.” Neither “everyone who is abnormal has a feature” nor “one who has this quality is definitely abnormal” is the proper way to approach abnormality. Also, what we value as a society determines abnormality. Jerome Wakefield’s definition is clearer: (on the exam) 1.–improper perception emotions in abnormal situations perception in the social realm hallucinations basic human driver 2. Harm is result of abnormal behavior. Deafness from birth doesn’t count because possibility of functioning. Depression can remove ability to function as others do. Social values are a theme we focus on throughout the course as well. Case 1: Try to come up with answers regarding Developmental, Cultural, symptoms, Impairment. Case 2: Try to come up with answers. Next slide contains answers regarding Developmental, Frequency, Medical, Environmental, Impairment. These types of questions are assessments to see if the individual meets diagnostic criteria for abnormal behavior. Takeaway points: Exploring: Examples make this concept clear Distinguishing: Where do we draw the line? Very subjective, can differ across clinicians. Experience: There are different pathways for reaching same mental illness. Environment is important (stresses and situation) Always important Language: Paradigm shift, we don’t want to label people, we want to say “that guy with schizophrenia instead of schizophrenic guy.” Challenges: Difficult as we diagnosis. Sometimes personal relationship can influence decision as well. For example, “all mentally ill are dangerous” this is not true. For all our progress, mental illness is still highly stigmatized. Classification: DSM is the Bible of Psychiatry and Psychology. The DSM suggests that subjects either have a disorder or not, but it is meant to be prototypical, not perfect. ICD is similar but tries to incorporate all countries not just America. Mainly DSMV in this course. DSM5: Uses three prongs, which makes it a really good source. The dysfunction prong is similar to Wakefield’s definition of abnormal. Diagnosis: MULTIPLE PERSISTENT CLINICALLY SIGNIFICANT: What the level of impairment is, level of stress to cause individuals dysfunction. This can be regardless of selfreport. For example, a woman who drinks to deal with domestic violence abuse may not report a problem. Advantages and Disadvantages of Classifying Mental Disorders: Advantage: Knowledge of disorder leads to finding treatment. Sufferer may appreciate social implications of label. Standard way of assessing people. Classify disorders instead of people. Disadvantage: Could actually cause stigma. Individual feels identity is lost due to classification. Individual may feel they will always have this disorder and think of themselves as less. Not everyone fits into a category. Stigma: Mentally ill seen as different, or abnormal. Only until this century have we started treated mentally ill better. Prevalence: Epidemiologists are interested in understanding if some exhibit behaviors that lead to some diseases rather than others. Prevalence means proportion of active cases (Old and New) Different types of prevelence. Alcohol addiction: point is who is an alcoholic now, 1year is in the past year how many people have experienced addiction to alcohol, Lifetime has to do with how many people are effected in general by alcohol addiction. Proportion of New cases, starting from a point going forward. Incidence means proportion of New cases, starting from a point going forward. Common?: Very prevalent, more so than medical disorders, worrying that there is stigma. Disease Burden: Mental disorders carry a high burden to the individual and families. Schizophrenia is an example of a extreme disability. Who is at risk?: Certain individuals more at risk than others for different disorders. Comorbidity is an important concept. Can often display itself between episodes of another one. Treatment: People are very resistant to beginning treatment. Many individuals do not have combined therapy that is needed for their disorder.
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