P SC 1113-090
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P SC 1113
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by . on Tuesday January 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to P SC 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Gary Copeland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 177 views.
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Date Created: 01/12/16
American Federal Government 1113-090 Professor- Gary Copeland If you were unable to attend the first class, read the following paragraph. Otherwise, skip to the next portion as this is just introductory information. Lecture Week 1: Pointers and “things to know” for this class *We will be using a site (Mindtap) for this course. Email professor for more class specific code and other information. We will be using this site for the book, exercises and homework. *The exercises will give you three tries, the final try’s score is the one recorded, even if a previous try scored higher American Fed. Gov. Notes Chapter 1 (in book), all sections “Declaring Independence” 1-1 * Colonies were valuable because of revenue needed to recover from the French and Indian Wars of 1754-1763 *In an attempt to gain this revenue, the Sugar Act (1764) taxed goods “brought in from abroad” by colonists, and eventually the Stamp Act of 1765 taxing paper goods. Even with the stirrings of political revolution after these Acts, the Crown passed the Townshend Acts in 1767 which brought higher taxes and more objection in the form of boycott *To punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party of Dec. 16, 1773, the Intolerable, or Coercive Acts (1774) were passed. *Common Sense (1776) a work by Thomas Paine started the talk about independence for the colonies (this work was based on philosopher John Locke’s belief in natural rights; life, liberty, property) *1775 Second Continental Congress formed, revolutionary war begins *Long war follows, Great Britain concedes independence of U.S. at the Treat of Paris 1783 1-2 *New US gov faced challenges in creating a strong central gov, acted as separate nations *Virginia Plan created a “two-chambered, legislative branch” New Jersey Plan countered this, wanting a single chambered leg. Branch, wanting smaller states to have as much influence as bigger states. Connecticut Compromise (the Great Comp.) was the agreement between the two *Compromise was made to let slaves be considered 3/5 of a vote for representation (“remains a stain on constitution.. it denied full citizenship to African Americans…”) 1-3 *Article 1 of the Constitution: Congress and Leg. Branch, Article II: exec. Branch and presidency, Article III Fed. Judicial Branch *Checks and Balances ensure that one branch cannot act without others essentially. Abilities are “dependent on cooperation…” *Necessary and Proper clause allows Congress to “respond to changing circumstances” though much is left open to interpretation under that general phrase 1-4 Federalists- support for constitution’s ratification, Anti-federalists- did not support rad. Of new constitution Federalist Papers- Alex. Hamilton, James Mad., and John jay published these essays influencing political philosophy (supported new constitution) 1-5 Amendments for the bill of rights would require a 2/3 vote from each congressional house and 3/4ths of the states to be ratified most commonly Youth and pol. 1.7 *Greg. Watson in 1982 – research paper over amendment that was not ratified;, 27 amendment ratified by his persistence (against the odds, a student made a huge impact in politics)
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