LING 201 Notes 1.1-1.4
LING 201 Notes 1.1-1.4 24565
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Deaundra Myers on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 24565 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Karen Dykstra in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Intro to Linguistics in Foreign Language at Eastern Michigan University.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Linguistics ~Scientific Study of Language Language (Speech)= OUR DATA Human Language ~To understand Human Lang. *What Linguistic look for Cognitive ability in human beings Cognitive property of Human minds Cognitive system one of many of Human Being Basic Structure ~Innate + Grows in your specific environment (Born with it) All Lang. around the world are the same thing (SAME BASIC SYSTEM HUMAN LANGUAGE) Ilanguage (Internal Language) Use Language as a tool Has design Design features 1. Productive /Generative System Creative Ability New Word /sentence no one creates before 2. Realistic Property of lang. that allows us to imbed the idea and keep building on to it EX.The lady who ate a fly story 3. Displacement Design feature of human Lang. Allows us to talk about things we can’t see at the movement EXIf I tell you it was snowing outside ~Talk in the past When I was a kid Talk about the future ~I want to be a doctor Things that don’t exist ~Unicorns 4. Arbitrary Word meaning A language= (mental) Grammar Set of elements on Building Blocks in a Lang + Rules for combining them Native Speaker Lang. Spoken as an infant Your Linguistic Competence Unconscious Knowledge of your language (Native)
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