Ch 1 Why Human Sexuality Vocabulary
Ch 1 Why Human Sexuality Vocabulary HEAL 217
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cara Spriggs on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HEAL 217 at College of Charleston taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Public Health at College of Charleston.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Chapter 1: Why a Course in Human Sexuality? Key Terms sexuality= all of the sexual attitudes, feelings, and behaviors associated with being human. The term does not refer specifically to a person’s capacity for erotic response or to sexual acts, but rather to a dimension of one’s personality missionary position= a face-to-face position of sexual intercourse in which the woman lies on her back and the man lies on top with his legs between hers. It was called this because Christian missionaries instructed people that other positions were unnatural ethnocentric= the attitude that the behaviors and customs of one’s own ethnic group or culture are superior to others dualism= the belief that the body and soul are separate and antagonistic Victorian era= the period during the reign of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1901). With regard to sexuality, it was a time of great public prudery (the pleasurable aspects of sex were denied) and many incorrect medical beliefs sexual revolution= a period in U.S. history, beginning about 1960, of increased sexual permissiveness socialization= the process of internalizing society’s beliefs; the manner in which a society shapes individual behaviors and expectation of behaviors socializing agent= the social influences (e.g., parents, peers, the media) that shape behaviors identification= two meanings: (1) the adoption of the sex roles of the same- sex parent by a child, and (2) in advertizing, to identify or relate to a product survey= a study of people’s attitudes, opinions, or behaviors. Responses are usually obtained either in a face-to-face interview or on a paper-and-pencil questionnaire population= the complete set of observations about which a researcher wishes to draw conclusions sample= a subset of a population of subjects random sample= a sample in which observations are drawn so that all other possible samples of the same size have an equal chance of being selected stratified random sample= a sample in which subgroups are randomly selected in the same proportion as they exist in the population. Thus the sample is representative of the target population volunteer bias= a bias in research results that is caused by differences between people who agree to participate and others who refuse correlation= a mathematical measure of the degree of relationship between 2 variables direct observation= observing and recording the activity of subjects as they conduct their activities case study= an in-depth study of an individual observer bias= the prejudicing of observations and conclusions by the observer’s own belief system experimental method= a study in which an investigator attempts to establish a cause-and-effect relationship by manipulating a variable of interest (the independent variable) while keeping all other factors the same
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