New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History 202 Week 1 Notes

by: Chase Goodman

History 202 Week 1 Notes HIST 202

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > HIST 202 > History 202 Week 1 Notes
Chase Goodman
GPA 3.0
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for History

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive History notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

I took these notes over the first week of class. I take really detailed notes in class, I basically never stop typing. 1400 Words in 2 days of material, I try to take notes on everything
Ed Krzemienski
Class Notes
History 202, Ed Krzemienski, Ball State




Popular in History

Popular in History

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chase Goodman on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 202 at Ball State University taught by Ed Krzemienski in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see History in History at Ball State University.

Similar to HIST 202 at BSU

Popular in History


Reviews for History 202 Week 1 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/13/16
HIST 202 1/13/2016  The Gilded Age 1877­1901 o The Gilded Ages were named after Mark Twain o Gilded  Refers to a very thin layer of gold that you cover a cheaper  object with to make it look like solid gold  On the surface if you were to look at the years 1877­ 1901 it would look amazing, like wood being gilded  But beneath the surface it was not golden  The gap becomes immense in the gilded ages; between  people who have cash and people who don’t o Ulysses S. Grant (1822 – 1885)  Serves as president from 1869 – 1877  Notorious general from the Civil War  Leads army to victory over General Lee  War Hero turns president (Happens often)  Runs as a Republican  The Republican began as the party of Lincoln o They were against Slavery  Republican = $  They help the big businesses  Went to West Point militarily academy  Didn’t do well in School  “cronies”  Somebody that works for you and tells you what you  want to hear o Political Corruption  An unbelievable amount of Political Corruption.  Whiskey Ring  A scandal of unimaginable proportions  Deals with Whiskey Distillers o St. Louis is the capital of Whiskey  Distilleries are supposed to pay taxes  General John McDonald o Comes up with a plan o He collects money from the Distilleries and  says it is “Tax” when he is actually stealing it o He steals the government that he is collecting  $2 m/year in taxes o He knows that president Grant is really lazy,  and that he doesn’t do much unless his  secretary warns him  General Orville Babcock o He is Pres. Grants secretary o McDonald bribes him, because he is the only  link between Grant and the Distilleries  McDonald and Babcock are stealing tax money from  the Government  After Grant found out, he does something common o “If you prosecute Babcock or McDonald, there  will be no immunity” o Which means that you will basically get the  same punishment as Babcock and McDonald  People lose faith in the government  Secretary of War William Belknap involved in the Belknap  Affair  He notices what is going on in the Whiskey Ring  He is involved in Indian Trading Post o Government trading post where an Indian  would come and trade items o You could buy Indian artifacts and sell them for a lot of money  He begins accepting money for the positions in the  trading posts o The most he gets from any one trading posts is $6000 o Also there are hundreds of these trading posts  Belknap was also a General in the Civil War  The political corruption is the defining part of this era  Only gets worse as more money is being made 1/15/16  Gilded Age o Ulysses S. Grant set the trend for political corruption, even though  he wasn’t responsible, he let it happen  Top 5 worst presidents of all­time o Political Corruption  At this time it was known by the citizens of the United States o Elected in 1876 Rutherford B. Hayes (1822­1893)  He is the same as Grant in some ways, but the exact  opposite in other ways  Both were republicans, served as a general in the  north of the Civil War  He was born in Ohio in 1822, same as U.S. Grant  He was pure, unlike Ulysses S. Grant  He never swore, never drank, never served alcohol at the White House  He is a devout Christian o His Secretary of War plays the piano while his  cabinet sings songs  Lucy Webb Hayes  Became a symbol of purity for the US Government  Nicknamed Lemonade Lucy  The political corruption continues in his time of office (only  serves 1 term)  Post Office Scandal “Star Route Frauds” o People in charge of the post office in this  region asked the US government an  unordinary amount of money  They would ask for more money than  they need, claiming they were using it  for Post Office Services, but they  pocketed it  Rutherford B. Hayes tries and convicts the people in  this scandal o This shows that no matter who is in charge that scandals like these will happen  Spoils Systems  He put personal friends and people he knew into  government jobs o Instead of the best qualified person for that job  This system is a HUGE problem  People are aware of what is going on o It is in the Newspapers and any media o 1883: Civil Service Act  This was to combat the spoils system  They had requirements that you had to be able to do  You had to be literate o Was the first requirement  This only applied to 10% of all of the government jobs  There is still room for corruption, about 90% of it is  wide open for corruption  Started off as a small law, to pass by congress, hoping they  could expand it later o 1884: Election  Centers on the idea of the Civil Service Act  Republican James G. Blaine (Maine)  Old Ulysses S. Grant appointee  Politically Corrupt o He was a part of the Whiskey Ring o He was a part of the Belknap Scandal  Democrat Grover Cleveland (Buffalo, New York)  Running on the platform that if he is elected he will  expand Civil Service o As soon as he is elected he wants to make it  50%  Eventually wants to make it that all  governmental employees have to take  the Civil Service exam  This election is heated  If they select James Blaine they are going to continue  down the path of political corruption  If they select Grover Cleveland he will try to make  people in the Government responsible  Grover Cleveland had an illegitimate child with a woman he wasn’t married to  He was attacked by this politically  If you were able to vote at this time, most often when you  went to the voting booth they had a paper where it would just say Republican or Democrat  You would have to ask for an individual paper with all  of the people running separately  Republicans throw their support to Grover Cleveland  because they have seen enough of this Political Corruption  Because they are in favor of Civil Service act  These people are known as “Mugwumps” o They are just Republicans that vote for  Cleveland  It throws the election in favor of Grover Cleveland  Grover Cleveland wins the election in 1884 o 1884: Grover Cleveland wins  He expands civil service act to 50% to start off with o 1887: Interstate Commerce Act  Deals with the Railroads  At this time, the Railroads were everything  Everything that had to move, traveled by railroad  A large portion of the Railroads were owned by the family  Vanderbilt  They are one of the richest families in the history of  the world  They had a monopoly in the railroad system o Which means you have to pay whatever they  charged  John D. Rockefeller  In order to help him out, if any small oil company  wanted to transfer oil, he would raise the price a lot  Vanderbilt’s would put other smaller oil companies out of Business and John D. Rockefeller would buy them  out  This is scary for the government because Rockefeller and  the Vanderbilt’s could close down any business they want to  Railroads are a private system now  Interstate Commerce Commission  They are supposed to make they are charging fair  prices for everyone  Political corruption o This also effected the interstate commerce  commission o The Vanderbilt’s bribed the book keepers to  make it “look” fair o 1890: Sherman Antitrust Act  A trust is a monopoly  This act is set up to try and eliminate Monopolies  The purpose is to give the people of the United States some  kind of recourse  If they government doesn’t listen to the people, then  no one will o STATUS QUO  All of the presidents were stuck on this  Status Quo = maintain the same o Benjamin Harrison (1889 – 1893)  From Indiana  He is referred to as cold and boring  He is part of the Bearded President era  He doesn’t want change the way things are ran, wants to  maintain the Status Quo


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.