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Law 322 Week 1 of Notes

by: Stephanie Notetaker

Law 322 Week 1 of Notes LAW 3220

Stephanie Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes cover Chapter 1 and 2 material.
Legal Environment of Business
Edward R. Claggett
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Notetaker on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LAW 3220 at Clemson University taught by Edward R. Claggett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 130 views. For similar materials see Legal Environment of Business in Law and Legal Studies at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 01/13/16
Law  322     Chapter  1  &  2  Notes   Chapter  1     1. What  is  law?   a. What  is  acceptable  conduct  in  society   b. Shows  potential  consequences   2. What  roles  do  laws  play?   a. To  set  forth  what’s  acceptable  in  society   b. To  assist  in  resolving  disputes  and  conflicts  (tells  you  how)   c. To  be  flexible  enough  to  change  in  the  way  society/technology   changes  (as  technology  grows,  laws  grow)   3. Sources  of  law   a. U.S.  Constitution  (Supreme  law)   i. Created  the  legislative  branch,  court  system,  and  executive   branch   b. State  Constitutions  (highest  state  law)   i. If  anything  in  the  state  constitution  conflicts  with  the  U.S   Constitution,  it  is  ignored.   c. Legislative  Branch   i. Court  System-­‐  Supreme  Court,  courts  make  decisions   1. Presidential  Value-­‐we  want  people  to  know  the  law   d. Executive  Branch     i. Creates  and/or  clarifies  laws   e. Laws  and  regulations  are  there  to  protect  consumers,  businesses  do   not  like  them   4. Classifying  laws   a. Public  law-­‐  applies  to  all  of  us  like  “j-­‐walking”   b. Private  law-­‐problem  with  your  landlord  or  credit  cards,  private   contracts/documents  between  parties   c. Civil  law-­‐less  serious  than  criminal  law,  fine/penalty  involved,  never   more  than  6  months  jail  time   i. Burden  of  proof  is  initially  on  the  plaintiff  but  can  switch  to  the   defendant   d. Criminal  law-­‐major/serious,  misdemeanors  and  felonies   i. Trials  are  “beyond  the  reasonable  doubt”  which  is  the  highest   standard  of  proof  that  must  be  met  in  an  trial   ii. Jurors  are  told  that  they  can  only  find  the  defendant  guilty  if   they  are  convinced  “beyond  a  reasonable  doubt”  of  his  or  her   guilt   iii. Burden  of  Proof  is  always  on  the  state.  The  state  must  prove   that  the  defendant  is  guilty   e. Substantive  law  vs.  Procedural  law   i. Substantive-­‐  govern  how  people  behave,  these  rules  define   crimes  and  set  forth  punishment   ii. Procedural-­‐  the  process  a  case  will  move  through  from  arrest   to  conviction,  tells  you  what  to  do  to  get  compensated     5. Business  Ethics  and  Morality   a. Important  because:   i. You  won’t  buy  a  product  if  they’re  thieves   ii. You  don’t  buy  their  stock  because  they  won’t  be  there  for  long   iii. Legal  point  of  view-­‐businesses  can  be  sued   b. Code  of  Ethics   i. What  is  acceptable  in  our  company   ii. Courts  like  to  see  this   iii. There  will  never  be  100%  compliance   iv. Sanctions  will  be  less  severe  in  court   v. Makes  the  company  look  good   c. The  more  laws  that  you  have  to  comply  with,  the  more  expensive  it  is   to  do  business   6. End  of  chapter  question  takeaways     a. Ad’s  must  list  side  effects  like  death  so  they  are  not  reliable  for   damages   b. “If  you  tell  the  consumer  the  possible  side  effects,  they  have  assumed   the  risks,  so  they  cannot  sue  you  for  damages.”  (Medications,  smoking,   etc.)   Chapter  2     1. Magistrates   a. Help  and  assist  the  judge   b. A  facilitator  to  help  move  the  case  along   c. If  both  parties  agree,  the  magistrate  can  issue  the  decision   d. Judicial  immunity-­‐can’t  be  sued  for  decisions  that  they  make   2. **”You  cannot  appeal  questions  of  fact”**   3. Federal  Judges   a. Must  get  at  least  51  senators  to  appoint  them   b. Lifetime  appointment   c. Judicial  immunity   d. Hope  they  make  decisions  based  on  law   4. State  Court  System   a. 3  tier  system   b. Acts/looks  like  the  federal  system   c. Municipal  Courts-­‐  traffic  laws   d. Justice  of  the  Peace  Courts-­‐marriage   e. Small  Claims  Courts   i. Can  take  disputes  up  to  a  certain  amount  of  money   ii. Don’t  need  an  attorney   iii. Can  get  before  a  judge  in  a  couple  of  weeks   iv. Quicker,  much  less  expensive   v. Final  decision,  no  right  to  appeal   5. State  Judges   a. Appointed  by  a  governor  or  elected   b. Fixed  number  of  years,  not  lifetime   c. More  subject  to  outside  pressure   d. Judicial  immunity   6. Jurisdiction   a. The  official  power  to  make  legal  decisions  and  judgments   i. Does  the  court  have  the  power  to  hear  the  dispute  and  make  a   decision?   b. Plaintiff  needs  to  pick  a  court  with  jurisdiction   c. Subject  matter  vs.  personal  jurisdiction   i. Subject  matter-­‐  the  category  of  items  that  the  legal  authority  is   about,  seeing  what  the  law  says   ii. Personal-­‐provides  authority  over  specific  people,  or  property.   A  defendant  signed  waver  can  overcome  the  lack  of  personal   jurisdiction   1. If  the  plaintiff  and  defendant  live  in  the  same  state   d. Concurrent  vs.  Exclusive  Jurisdiction   i. Concurrent-­‐  the  state  and  federal  system  can  take  the  case   1. Federal  Court  will  only  take  concurrent  if  amount  of   dispute  is  over  $75,000   ii. Exclusive-­‐  what  the  law  says   7. Choice  of  law   a. States  adopt  choice  of  law  **on  test**   i. About  half  of  the  states  still  have  historical  laws   1. Historical  laws-­‐  look  where  the  event  occurred  and   apply  that  choice  of  law   2. Emerging  laws-­‐  Which  state  has  the  most  significant   interest  in  resolving  the  dispute,  use  those  states  of  law   a. Example:  Car  accident  in  FL  with  SC  residents,  SC   would  take  the  case)   8. 3  motions  that  can  allow  the  defendant  to  move  the  case   a. Motion  for  Removal   i. Out  of  state  defendant  in  state  court  (SC  plaintiff  suing  FL   defendant)  the  judge  will  almost  always  move  the  case  to  a   federal  court   b. Motion  to  Change  Venue  (appropriate  place  where  case  is  heard)   i. If  there  is  a  lot  of  publicity   ii. Avoids  unbiased  trials   iii. State  court  to  state  court  (with  jurisdiction)   iv. State  to  federal  court   c. Forum  of  non  Conveniens   i. Allows  the  court  to  move  the  case  to  another  court  that  is   better  suited  to  hear  the  case  (more  convenient  place)   ii.  Least  costly,  most  convenient  form    


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