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Soc 156 lecture 4

by: Freddie816

Soc 156 lecture 4 SOC 156

GPA 3.3

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Lecture on ethnic boundaries argued by Wimner (I also included a small section on defining a racial project (Omni and Winant))
- Race and Ethnicity in American Life
Class Notes
Soc 156, race and ethnicity, sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 156 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Bloom in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see - Race and Ethnicity in American Life in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 01/13/16
SOC 156 1/13/16  ● Omni and Winant on ​racial projects  ○ A social project is a way that people perceive rac take action in  accordance ​to that perception/any action, idea or thought that takes phenotype  into consideration is a racial project   ■ For example, I think there are various discriminatory acts upon blacks and  therefore, I take action by holding a political campaign (our perception of  race, determines our actions)   ● So in this sense, holding a political campaign on racial  discrimination etc is a racial project­and so is the asian girl´s  speech in the video (talking about race in a way in order to change  people's perspective) , and so was the professor's survey   ● Barths boundary­making  ○ Ethnic boundaries are products of social interaction  ■ Ethnic boundaries are not fixed types of phenomenon, rather, they are  made and unmade overtime. Furthermore, one can belong to many  different ethnic groups simultaneously.   ■ Ethnicity  ● Ethnicity is the product of social and symbolic boundaries chosen  by others who place you into certain ethnic categories→ people  hence,treat you in accordance to that ethnic category (people  place you into certain ethnic categories based on phenotype and  thus treat you in accordance to that ethnic category)   ■ Constructivism  ● Race is the product of a social process, not culturally given (not  simply given at birth), it is therefore made and remade overtime   ● Wimmer key points→ what is an ethnicity? How is different from race?  ○ 4 dimensions  ■ political salience   ● Boundaries influence political action/determine political treatment   ○ Certain restrictions are placed on catholics vs protestants  ○ I.e­ Blacks are not allowed to drink out of the same fountain  as whites   ■ Social closure  ● Boundaries force certain restrictions on people/people are not  allowed out of their boundaries  ○ Blacks are not allowed access to the same privileges as  whites through harsh enforcement  (policing boundaries)   ■ cultural differentiation  ● It is not necessarily culture that matters in ethnic boundaries but  the boundary itself  ○ Stability of boundaries  ■ Boundaries can either remain stable over time, change rapidly or slowly  (be unstable)   SOC 156 1/13/16  ● The Vezo is an example of an unstable boundary­you are included  in that boundary by having ¨the vezo way of life¨ (living with the  Vezo, practicing their ways etc ((being Vezo is determined by a  certain lifestyle and therefore you can cross the boundary as you  please))   ○ Subsuming race  ■ Race as a subtype of ethnicity   ○ Comparative analytic  ■ Boundaries are not given but change over time depending on the time and  place the boundary exists  ● How people see you and thus treat you  ○ Blacks were enslaved centuries ago but are nowalmost  treated equally because we are in a different era and  certain political movements have already taken place    


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