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Formation/Christian Tradition

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by: Cassandra Tomkin

Formation/Christian Tradition REL 372

Marketplace > Arizona State University > Classical Studies > REL 372 > Formation Christian Tradition
Cassandra Tomkin
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About this Document

These notes cover the first two weeks of what was discussed in class.
Formation/Christian Tradition
Dr. Jason Bruner
Class Notes




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"If Cassandra isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!"
Alf Ward

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Tomkin on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 372 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Jason Bruner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Formation/Christian Tradition in Classical Studies at Arizona State University.


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If Cassandra isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!

-Alf Ward


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Date Created: 01/13/16
Discussion: General world in which Christianity emerged. 1st century AD, 4 elements/things that are important for understanding Christianity, placing it in a world  Important for Understanding Christianity in the 1st century BC. o Rome/Roman Empire o Class system  Slaves & High Classes = Citizenship and Power o Communication o Diversity  Acceptance o Education (also ties into the class system)  No school system like modern day  Little groups of students  Trained  Reccommended o Monotheism/Polytheism  Ideas, culture o People were monotheistic because of Judaism o From Judaism  Came:  Jesus  Power  Jews debating one another  (Read with this context in the New Testament) o Establishing peace through conquest and victory  Peace is maintained through victory and bloodshed  Victory and bloodshed shows that you are divine - politically, culturally, and economically o Different factions in the larger Jewish world/Judaism  Removal (How the Dead Sea Scrolls came about)  (Pharisees) Reform (Rabbinical Judaism)  Rebellion (Apocalyptic Revelation)  Accommodation (Elite Jews) Discussion: Why was Romans written?  Why? o Grace/Gospel of Grace o Tensions between Gentile and Jewish Christians in the Church  Meaning? o Grounds his message of the gospel against backdrop of the Old Testament o Divide between Jew and Gentile o Relationship with Jewish faith?  Most Important: o Grace and peace between two different faiths in Christ. He ultimately wants people to know the greatness of the grace of God in Rome  The Book is largely about: o Law - Past and (Present?) o Faith o Christ o Salvation through faith o Everyone o Righteousness/Abraham o Roman government/cult o Judgement/hypocrisy --> DEATH o Sin/Sinners  About Paul: o On his own terms o He wrote to people that he didn't know in Romans o Interesting comparison to Mark o Jew o Born in the early 1st century o Highly educated o Claims to be a Pharisee o Lived just outside of Jewish Palestine o Opposed the early followers of Jesus o Apostle to the Gentiles o Claims to have a direct encounter with the resurrected Christ o Denied Kosher diets and circumcision o Paul in his own time was controversial among Jews and Christians o Dedicated  Missionary  Traveller o Formidable and institutes DOGMA 21.Jan.2016 (Thursday) - Week 2  Imagine living in the year 75 AD and the Gospel of Mark is the only thing I have. With that, what do I think or believe about Jesus? o I believe that Jesus is an incredible man with wonderful powers not seen before. He comes out commanding that everyone listens to him and he's forgiving in some ways. o Humility o See him from a 3rd person perspective o Teacher o Wise o Messiah/Son of God o Intimidating o Rebellion/Deviant of religious tradition o Authority o Courageous o Impatient o Miracle Worker  Does this all add up to Jesus being God???  He seems to be human, but not in the way that me and you are human. However, he gets mad, tired, and impatient. About Mark  For most people, in that time, this is all that they have.  It is a part of the New Testament but there are different versions for everyone in different cities, or different parts of the world.  No creeds/Doctrinal statements o Not necessarily saying things that are built in, or the everyday things that Catholics or Anglicans may say today.  What do you do with it? o Did not act "holy" and do the normal things of singing songs and hymns, going to church, getting a bulletin, pray, take the bread and the wine, etc… o There is a gap  (As a Text)  Christ - a status, the anointed. He is THE CHRIST  What makes a gospel different form other passages and books in the Bible? o Gospel = teaching, narratives, stories, telling the life and teaching of Jesus o Letter = trying to persuade?  (When, Where, Who)  When was it written? o Mid 60s, Mid 70s: These follow typically traumatic events  Nero goes after Christians (Mid 60s)  Burns down the city blames it on Christians and he is playing a flute on the roof as the city burns  Who will keep the stories that have been passed down orally?  Beg. To start writing them down  Jerusalem get SACKED!! (Mid 70s) o Mark is attributed to the Gospel of Mark because he was an assoc. of Paul and was in Rome o Probably the 1st of the 4 gospels written  Very little interpretation  Incredibly action packed  John the Baptist, Baptism, Healings, Going into the wilderness, etc…  Sense of urgency o Crucifixion Story with an extended introduction leading up to the death of Jesus Following Jesus  Chapter 4:12-14  Chapter 10:17-31  Chapter 12:33-44 ~ About money Jews  Chapter 7:1-15  Chapter 11:22-24  Chapter 13:9-17 Romans  Chapter 5:1-17~Possessed demon goes into the herd of pigs (an unclean animal) Chapter 10:41-45   Chapter 12:13-17  Chapter 15:38-39


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