Medieval History 1-27
Medieval History 1-27 3110
Popular in European Middle Ages 2
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Simone on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3110 at University of Toledo taught by Dr. Geaman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see European Middle Ages 2 in History at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Contradictions Trying to free church from secular influence but needs the laity to enforce his “rules” Laity help police noncelibate clergy Church and state have separate hierarchies, goals but remain intertwined Gregory relied on Normans to avoid capture by emperor Results Increased involvement of laity More widespread lay piety However, lay involvement and the development of Knights of Peter influenced the cruscades Bishops have secular and religious duties; high clergymen are torn between these duties throughout middle ages HR Emperor weakened, Papacy much stronger Secular kingship, King is nonpriestly Idea of Cruscade Fullest Expression Holy war = combat to serve the faith o Shift in how regard war Papal involvement Forgiveness of sins Defensive War Mission war Viking invasions; Holy Sepulcher o Norway and Denmark origination o Holy Sepulcher is captured and destroyed by various Muslim armies Church in the Holy Land Defense of church gets a heavenly reward Not yet have expansionist aims Military Saints St George o Known for slaying the devil (in the form of a dragon) o Known and praised for warlike deeds in east for centuries o Gradually west places less emphasis on their secular vs religious deeds The Year 1000 Millennial fears Pilgrimage to Jerusalem increased Internal Warfare Peace of God o Advocates immunity from violence for non combatants Truce of God o Suspend hostilities on certain days Reconquista Seen as taking back lands Breakdown of centralization Happened in Spain to take back land that was formally Muslim territory Knights of Peter Fighting for church reform blurs line between knights of Christ (monks) and knights Blurs line between those who follow pope and feudal service Promise forgiveness of sins or appeal to piety Tied idea of ecclesiastical warfare to papacy Urban II Supported the Reconquista Supported holy war idea of cruscade Preached the cruscade at Clermont in 1095 Liberation of the eastern church Christians vs nonChristians New Idea Linked fight with pilgrimage Armed pilgrimage This stirred up the unprecedented excitement
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