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Declaration of Independence

by: Payton Welch

Declaration of Independence POLS 1110

Marketplace > POLS 1110 > Declaration of Independence
Payton Welch

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About this Document

These notes go through information about the Declaration of independence while also highlighting important points throughout the document!
American Politics
Dr, Geirsch
Class Notes
political science, Declaration of Independence




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Welch on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1110 at a university taught by Dr, Geirsch in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.

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Date Created: 01/13/16
POLS 1110 American Politics Declaration of Independence (DOI) “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others” -Winston Churchill What is the Declaration on Independence? A message to the world of the colonists’ desire for independence  A list of complaints  An application of political philosophy  An act of patriotism  An act of treason  *justification that the colonists should be separated. Organization Introduction states its purpose  Discussion of philosophy  List of complaints  Conclusion argues for independence  Key Parts Introduction: “They should declare the causes which impel the to the separation.” *to create a rally effect in both their country and ot ers Philosophy: “We hold these truths to be self­evident, that all men are created equal, that  they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that  among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” *People have to chose to be who they want to be. *Power greater than people themselves. * You have rights because you are human. “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men,  deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, ­­That  whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is  the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new  Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its  powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety  and Happiness.” *Created the government to protect people’s rights * People do have a right to change government if rights aren’t being protected. When is revolutions justified, according to the DOI? - When rights are violated  Complaints He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the  public good. He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices,  and the amount and payment of their salaries. For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury: He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to complete the  works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of  Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally  unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.  He… has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless  Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of  all ages, sexes and conditions. Conclusion We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions  have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus  marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free  people. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation,  and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends. We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General  Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the  rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People  of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are,  and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; *State means country… not what we they are now. *we are not Colonies but states. Declares Sovereignty with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to  each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor. Tough questions for the DOI: What about Slavery  What about Women  What about the poor? Uneducated? Does “consent” and “representation” mean voting? What would a better system be? *Doesn’t say… but it does give ideals. * Which is not found in the DOI? Complaints against the king The rights of men A system of checks and balances


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