SYO4402 Week 1 of Lecture Notes: 1/12 and 1/14
SYO4402 Week 1 of Lecture Notes: 1/12 and 1/14 SYO4402
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Adams on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYO4402 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Nowakowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Medical Sociology in Sociology at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
1. A little about me A. The social word very much matters in the ﬁeld of Heath B. The way people cope with changes varies C. Illness management: achieve when we adapt to living with a Heath condition D. Expectations are realistic and you can cope with it --> reduces cognitive dissonance: when expectations and reality match up 2. Lessons from my story A. Social epidemiology: studying causes of Heath in a social context B. Social cause: traumatic injury to face --> dental care vs. No access to care. Social factors put them in a cause and result of Heath (environment, etc.) 3. Humberstone A. Biographical disruption: change of Heath can derail your life B. Stigma: judgement people have against each other, common in situations when condition/disease is commonly seen or even invisible illnesses (PTSD, anxiety, etc.) C. Anomie: feeling of being totally isolated and that people have rejected you, top cause of suicide D. More or less adjusted to living with his disease, accepted it, doing alright E. Diﬀerent elements of Heath matter: emotions, drugs, resources, healthcare (British) F. Biopsychosocial: approach to Heath that acknowledge the diﬀerent elements of Heath 4. Rosich & Hankin A. Medical sociology is the study of those things B. Where it started, where it has gone C. Heath inequalities and why they matter D. Challenges in healthcare 1. Some basic sociology terms A. Inequality of health and illness a. We are always interested why diﬀerent societies do things diﬀerently b. Groups that start out with diﬀerent resources and have diﬀerent outcomes c. Total diﬀerent outcome from diﬀerent groups B. Stress a. Going into detail what stress does to the body and what stress does to the mind C. Cumulation: something kind of builds up a. Health eﬀects build up too b. How the eﬀects of stress can add up D. Weathering: how stressful events put wear and tear to the body (DNA, tissue) a. Social resources play a huge role in helping build the body back up E. Sick role a. Parsons: Classic sociologist, emphasis of structural b. Sickness and wellness are mutually exclusive c. Sick role: exempt of your social regulation, focusing on getting better --> going to the doctor, listening to their treatment and following it d. Model undercuts the idea of sickness and wellness e. Works when someone has a disease --> ex: Ebola f. When you are thinking of a chronic condition, it doesn't really work because you can't really stop everything socially and just work on getting better g. In this model, someone who is sick will always get well if they follow the doctors instructions h. But it doesn't work for a person who has a disease that will not get better i. Not a perfect way to explain sick in a social sense F. Identity a. Sickness becomes an emphasis on our lives: work, social, etc b. Changes of identity alter how people view themselves c. Breast cancer --> getting their boobs removed means diﬀerent things to diﬀerent people d. Biographical disruption: the disease/ sickness really eﬀects their life e. Illness management: expectations are altered, related to who am I as a person that lives with this disease 1. Always making new choices f. People choose the idea of how they want other people to view them G. Exposures and outcomes a. Exposure: something you come in contact with b. Outcome: what you do as a result H. Social determinants of health a. Race, education, gender, religion, stress levels, peer pressure, isolation, discrimation, sexual behavior I. Vulnerability a. Epidemiology: study of the causes of health b. Vulnerable: at risk of getting an exposure c. Ex: two miners work in a coal mine. One has asthma, one doesn't. Both are exposed to it but the one with asthma is more likely to get a chronic lung disease d. Susceptibility: If you come in contact with exposure, how likely are you to get that disease e. Ex: two women with breast cancer, one black and one white. The white women is more likely to have a better outcome f. Ecological fallacy: 2. Media example 1 A. How sick role works and how other social factors come into play B. Cody Curtis: liver cancer, predicted to live only 6 months after she was diagnosed but is still alive C. She knows she's going to die and knows it's coming soon but doesn't know when D. Elements of the sick role: conforming to others expectations E. Identity: doesn't want to die a coward F. Uncertainty, expectations diﬀer from reality G. Doctors don't always get it right H. Stigma: choosing to die without pain, suicide I. Heroism construct: Society has a idea that dying is courageous. Diﬀerent attitudes of dying in societies J. Social attitudes that people tell her she looks great and is thin a. Media, culture, values, norms, ecological fallacy, BMI fallacy, boundaries, availability, social construction of size, stress, mental/physical health interactions, conditional legitimacy, sick role: expectations of you and expectation of others 3. Cockerham 2007 A. Nice history of healthcare through the ages and looking at awareness of healthcare 4. Matcha A. Medical sociology: interested in social structures, loops and interactions B. Medical anthropology: interested in social culture C. Both interested and study social but diﬀerent approaches D. Key theories that E. F: F. CT: conﬂicts of interests and how that diﬀerences get resolves or not G. SI: life is a performance
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