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POLS 1050

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by: Megan Bartz

POLS 1050 POLS 1050

Megan Bartz
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these notes cover the different levels of government "power"
Class Notes
political science




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Bartz on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1050 at East Carolina University taught by JOHN WILLIAMS in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.


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Date Created: 01/13/16
Political Science 1/13/15 STATE (the embodiment of sovernt power) Country (a geographical region) Nation (an ethnic group) Power:  Diplomatic  Military  Economic  Demographic (study of population) Paradox of unrealized power (the question of “if I’m more powerful than everybody else, how did I just lose a war?”)  One country has allies that are useful  Loss of strength gradient (the farther you are from your homeland the less power you are able to bare) o Falkland Islands/Malvinas: part of British; Argentina claims  Resolve: making a decision to do something; the will to do something Actors & globalization Peace of Westphalia: whoever is “in charge” decides what religion everyone must be (state power) 1789- French Revolution Chapter 5­ The Making of FP  STATES MAY NOT ACT ACCORDING TO INTERNATIONAL CONDITIONS o Studying domestic influences on policy challenges rationality and dominant actor  models of behavior – you are looking at what people at home want, rather than  just talking about what are America’s interests. 1. Public Opinion ­ Do voters care? Moody or wise? 2. Cultures a. Culture is a complex network of learned behavior for managing personal choices  in a larger social context. b. Influences: Beliefs, religions, economies, relationships, geography, language c. Sources and Expressions: See “culture chapters” notes. 3. Political systems a. Authority vs legitimacy b. Cultural theory ­  Grid­group Grid Group Theory This perspective seeks to compare the influence of cultural norms in various societies in order to capture the political implications of cultural traits. Many countries will have more than one culture, and a particular pattern, such as hierarchical, can predominate, but still be relatively weak or strong. For example, traditional southern hierarchical relationships exist in some states, but are very weak compared to the 1800’s. The goal is to provide a framework for understanding culture based on the strength of social norms (grid), and the degree to which people identify personal success with their role in society at large (group). o Grid – the strength of the system of rules within a society governing individual and collective choices.  High=individuals accept the constraints of social norms, acting to fulfil them. (Arranged marriages, family business, stable social status)  Low= Individuals recognize the existence of norms, but can choose their own paths. (Choose your own spouse and career, and social strata are permeable) o Group – the degree to which individuals subordinate their identities and actions to society at large.  High=Individuals act to promote their acceptance by the group and assume that right action is not fulfills collective rather than individual interests  Low=Individuals pursue their own self-interest, negotiating with others to fulfill joint rather than collective social goals Group High Low Grid High Hierarchical society Fatalistic/Despotic Society Low Egalitarian society Individualistic Society Hierarchical societies have : high group – a strong identification with the community,  such that people define success in terms of fulfilling perceived obligations to society; and high grid – a significant array of customs, status relationships, and values governing  individual choices and actions that are external to the individual. Example, Japan, Saudi  Arabia. Individualistic societies have: Low group – a situation where people define success in  terms of fulfilling individual rather than collective goals, and; low grid – where people  see constraints on individual behavior as limiting conflict rather than constraining  preferences. Example, US. Egalitarian societies have: high group – strong social identity: and low grid – relatively  few social rules. Examples, the USSR, Cuba. Fatalistic/Despotic societies are one of the more common types of political cultures, one  where a person or a small group of people dominate all others, and can change or  abandon rules whenever it suits them. The despot is the ruler. Society at large is fatalistic, as it has no control over events, but must bear up as best it can. Examples, North Korea,  Iraq under Saddam Hussein, Somalia, etc…. c. Regime types from an institutional perspective: Authoritarian  vs. Democratic  i. Aristotle – success depends on quality of leader, rather than type of regime – a king with rules provides a hierarchical society, a king without rules is a despot. ii. Authoritarian (individual or small group makes rules) types – dictator,  monarch, theocrat, dominant party, personalist, bureaucratic iii. Democratic types ­ Direct, Republics ­ parliamentary, presidential,  constitutional monarchy (the king with rules thing…) d. Democratic Peace Proposition 4. Decision makers and influencers a. Interest Groups b. Military Industrial Complex c. Bureaucracy  i. SOPs 5. Characteristics of Leaders a. Beliefs­ b. Styles­ Insensitive vs. sensitive c. Cognitive consistency d. Groupthink  6. Three audiences – Who do I need to keep happy?


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