SELU Hist 102 H, Week One Lecture Notes
SELU Hist 102 H, Week One Lecture Notes HIST102H
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST102H at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Craig Saucier in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 136 views. For similar materials see WESTERN CIVILIZATION FROM 1500 FOR HONOR STUDENTS in History at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Western Civilization from 1500 (HONORS) SELU HIST 102 H Week One Lecture Notes I. Population and Economy A. Population 1500 Europe had a population of 85 million, which was heavier in the west and spread lightly in the east. Distributions in those countries; France (16 million), “Italy” (13 million), Iberian Peninsula (11 million), Russia (10 million), England (45 million). Distributions in major cities; Naples (200,000), Venice and Milan (100,000 each), Paris (90,000), London (70,000), Amsterdam (15,000) B. Economy 1500 Europe’s economy was still primarily based on agriculture, but there are indicators of change. Older industries expand (like clothing and spices). New industries, like manufacturing and printing, are beginning to emerge. Europeans also start to explore overseas, which leads into colonialism. II. Society 1500 European society pretty much the same as it was in the middleages. Society is broken down into three classifications with each their own rights (estates) A. Clergy –includes priests, bishops, etc. and make up roughly 10% of the population. Further divided into the lower and higher class depending on wealth. They were supported by a 10% tax on the people called a tithe. Exempt from many taxes. B. Aristocracy – noblemen that made up roughly 10% of the population. Exempt from many taxes. C. Commoners – made up the remaining 80% of the population. Dominated by the peasantry, but there is the emergence of the Bourgeoisie (merchants, doctors, etc.). III. States and International Politics A. Three Nation States All three were governed by powerful monarchies working to centralize government while trying to expand influence overseas. 1. Spain – the strongest of the three nationstates. Made strong through marriage of the Moors (Queen of Castile Isabella and King of Aragon Ferdinand). 2. France – strong due to their victory in the 100 Years War and ruled by the Valois. 3. England – kept in check thanks to the Magna Carta and the Parliament while under the rule of the Tudors. B. Other States 1. Holy Roman Empire – weak empire created by the Habsburg family in what is now Austria. 2. Ottoman Empire – the strongest state on the planet at this time. Culturally it is Turkish and Muslim. They had a centralized military and were also expansionist. 3. Catholic Church – in bad shape during 1500. Calls for reform lead into the Reformation