Western Civilization Week 1 Notes
Western Civilization Week 1 Notes HY 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danyellia West on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of South Alabama taught by Tyson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization in History at University of South Alabama.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
History 101 Week 1 Notes BC- Before Christ AD- Anno Domini “in the year of our lord” BCE: common, current, Christian, or calendar “The West”? o Greco-Roman civilization o Christianity o “Western Culture Social norms Ethical values Traditional customs Religious beliefs Poilitical systems Prehistory (stone age-400,000 to 4,000 BC) o Paleolithic (old) o Mesolithic (middle) o Neolithic (new) All of these time periods based on the development of tools Paleolithic (old stone age) o Incomplete record o Longest historical period o Food gathering o Caves primarily in France and Spain History is based off of paintings found Mesolithic (middle stone age) o Efficient hunters o Stayed in locations a little longer Neolithic (new stone age) o 11,000 to 4,000 BC o Technological development Final stage of stone age o Nomadic to settled life style Changing Lifestyle o Food collecting to food producing Early stone age Hunting, fishing, gathering Late stone age Domestication, permanent villages, prosperity o Spread of ideas and knowledge o Division of labor Bronze Age (4,000 to 1,300 BC) o Regional development o Copper-tin alloy Mostly based in China Mesopotamia o “between two rivers” Euphrates and Tigris Syria, Turkey, Iraq Sumer o Earliest known civilization (3000 BC) o Southern Iraq 12+ city states o Contributions Law codes, potter’s wheel, wheeled vehicles, city-state structures History Begins o Cuneiform, “wedged shaped” Writing system o Writing allows: Preserves, organizes, expands, transfer All of this helps the information to be passed on to the next generation Early Religion o Eases fear o Provides explanations o Justifies rules and tradition Who is a semite? (language group) o Akkodian o Arabic o Ge’ez o Hebrew o Phoenician Akkad Expands (conquers Sumer 2350 BC) o Central Iraq o Akkadian language Adapted cuneiform o Sargon the Great 1 empire Hammurabi (old Babylonia-1792 BC) o He didn’t consider himself a God o Encouraged city-state coalition o Promoted science and scholarship Hammurabi’s Law o Differed according to offender’s status Contained limited equality o Established legal procedures The Mediterranean o Minoan civilization (Crete) 3000 BC to 1450 BC o “golden” Mycenaean (Greece) 1400 BC to 1100 BC o Atlantis? Underwater city Thera Pavlopetri Minoan o Advanced (Bronze Age) civilization Crete Cities and places Extensive trade Art o Seals (stamps on a letter), pottery (snake goddess), frescoes (lots of bowls-possible acrobatics) Writing o Linear A o Knossos palace (has one bathroom) “Golden Mycenaean o Late Bronze Age Mainland Greece Post-Minoan Power Linear B Oldest known dialect
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