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Notes January 13th

by: Madeline DeGrace

Notes January 13th Hist 1160

Madeline DeGrace
GPA 3.5

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These notes cover what we talked about in class January 13th
US History to 1865
Sharon Simmons
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline DeGrace on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1160 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Sharon Simmons in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see US History to 1865 in History at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.


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Date Created: 01/13/16
Age of European Exploration  The Portuguese, Italians, and Spanish o Ability to get to the New World became possible with better technology o Ships were more sea­worthy; navigation tools became available  Columbus and New Spain o Columbus pitched his idea for 10 years o People thought the world was bigger than Columbus thought/ calculated  Queen Isabella eventually sponsors him  Pre­Coulmbian: before 1492  Portugal goes opposite way of Columbus o Colonizes India  Spanish and Portuguese divide the world in half o Pope decided which half each country gets  Conquistadors o “The Conquerors” o Find Mexico City; other Aztec empires o Aztecs were easily conquered because they didn’t have weapons or horses  New France o Looking for Northwest Passage (to take them directly to China) o Quebec and Montreal (Fur Trade) o Fur Trade caused war between Native American tribes o Mississippi was discovered  New Netherlands o Looking for profit (Spice trade), not land o Colonized New York  The Caribbean o Plantations and slavery  Violence, controlled by different nations  Africa­ brazil or Caribbean (Diaspora) o Sugar Economy  English Society  o Hierarchical class structure  Make permanent homes in New World  Very rigid system  Titles/ aristocracy  Gentlemen settled North America  Don’t have a clue how to live in the wilderness o Population boom  Increase in lifespan  Infant mortality decreases  Too many people, not enough work o Religious divisions  Civil War 1642  How church should be run The English in the New World  The Lost Colony (1585) o Sir Walter Raleigh o Roanoke Island  Virginia Dare o Ship returned to England  Ship didn’t return for 2 years because of Spanish Armada  The Chesapeake (Jamestown 1607) o Spanish wouldn’t find them o Peninsula o “The Tide Water” o King James o Tough times in Jamestown  Gentlemen settlers  No gold  John Smith  People are skeptical of him  Put colony to work  “Don’t work, don’t eat”  Burned in gunpowder accident  The starving time  Cannibalism  Pocahontas­ married John Rolfe o Saved by smoke  Tobacco cultivation  John Rolfe discovery  Became very popular (cigarettes, snuff)  Economy, settlement process  Tobacco fortune  Indentured servants­ tobacco workers o Slavery o Bacon’s Rebellion  Chesapeake Society and characteristics o Tobacco is labor intensive  Exhausts the land  People would keep moving as land was used up; eventually got to  land that wasn’t good for tobacco crops o Economy based on 1 crop o Settlement is very scattered o Headright system  If you can come over yourself, you get 50 acres  Encourages immigration o Indentured servants o Planter elite  Built huge homes  Copying English society  Created hierarchical system; instead of birthright by amount of money  Maryland o Established as a haven for catholics  Relations with the natives o Powhatan federation (30 tribes) o Estimated 20000 in 1606 o Anglo­Powhatan wars  1610­1614  347 settlers massacred March 22, 1622 (1/4 of colony)  500 settlers killed March 18, 1644 o Perhaps 2000 natives in 1670s


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