EDPS 260 Week 2 Notes
EDPS 260 Week 2 Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carly Leigeber on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 48 views.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Carly Leigeber Test #2 Part B 1) In every culture, children develop differently based on their surroundings. For example, children who live in India usually play in larger groups. Most of their behavior involves close contact and cooperation within the group. There is a lot of pretend play and game making. Another example could be Chinese preschoolers typically associate themselves with other quiet, reserved students during play. Korean-American children are known for spending less time than Caucasian-American children in joint make-believe play and more time in parallel play. One more example could be in cultures where babies receive early training sitting up, standing and walking, they develop these skills earlier. In other cultures where mothers carry babies most of the time, babies develop these skills later. It really depends on the environment of the development and the type of cultural values a family has. 2) Piaget’s sensorimotor stages are divided up into six sub stages based on observations of his three children. The first sub stage is birth to 1 month old called reflexive schemes, this includes newborn reflexes. The second sub stage is 1-4 months old called primary circular reactions. This includes simple motor habits centered around the infants own body. The third sub stage is 4-8 months old called secondary circular reactions. This includes actions aimed at repeating behaviors that are familiar. The fourth sub stage is 8-12 months old called coordination of secondary circular. This includes intentional or goal-directed behavior, ability to find hidden objects, improved anticipation of events, and behaviors that tend to be preformed differently than an infant. The fifth sub stage is 12-18 months old called tertiary circular reactions. This includes exploration of objects by acting on them in novel ways, imitation of novel behaviors, and ability to search in more than one location for a hidden object. The sixth and final sub stage is 18 months to 2 years old called mental representation. This includes internal depictions of objects and events, as indicated by sudden solutions to problems, ability to find an object that has been moved while out of sight and make believe play. 3) To help a child develop compliance and self-control, a parent could respond to their toddler using sensitivity and encouragement. This is beneficial because parents who are sensitive usually provide their child with more self-control. Parents should provide notice when toddlers have to stop something they are enjoying doing instead of telling them at an exact time they need to stop. They should offer prompts and reminders because a child’s memory isn’t as good as their parents and need constant assistance. Parents should support language development because it is related to self-control. Parents can gradually increase riles in a manner consistent with the toddlers developing capacities. The older a child gets, the more they can follow rules related to safety, respect for others, routines, manners and making their own decisions. 4) If Mr. and Mrs. Harken are looking for a developmentally appropriate program for their son Max, there are many things to consider while looking for the best place possible to send their son. There are a few different options for different types of early childhood depending on what type of environment would suit him best. The first option is a child-centered program, where teachers provide activities that include numbers, colors, and shapes, and most of the days considered around play. A second option would be sending Max to an academic program, where students learn through formal lessons, and the materials are taught through repetitive drills. A third option could be going to a Montessori education devised by an Italian physician and child development researcher, Maria Montessori. This is a child-centered approach with equal emphasis on academic and social development. Children learn by choosing their own activities, and are held responsible for exploring and discovering on their own. One other option to consider is Project Head Start, which began in 1965. A Head Start center is a place children are able to attend for two years of preschool, with nutritional and health services included. In this program, parent involvement is essential. They are to work with students directly in the classroom, attend meetings on child development, have roles in councils and plan programs. From all the work and effort put into these programs, provides students with long- term benefits. The chances of better achievement are much higher, and students are more likely to graduate and enroll in college. Students show a higher IQ level than those who have completed two- three years of elementary school. The benefits even roll into adult years. Research states students who partake in Head Start have reduced chances of teen pregnancy, higher chances of earning money, being married, own their own home, and less likely to be involved with crime. Whichever type of education the Harkens choose, there are signs of developmentally appropriate practice they need to look for. In order to know their son is going to receive the best education, there should be large, open spaces for students to learn in, a manageable group size, appropriate daily activities, daily adult-child interaction, teachers who hold the correct qualifications/licensing, and relationships between teacher and parent is present. 5) Authoritative child-rearing style is the most successful parenting style approach. Parents who are authoritative are very accepting and have high involvement in their child’s lives. They are warm and attentive to their child’s needs, and have a sensitive side. This way of parenting is most beneficial because of the way they raise their children. They provide models of caring concern as well as confident- self controlled behavior. They establish a connection with their child that is comforting and enjoyable, make sure their child is understanding about their reasons to succeed, raise them in a mature way, allows their child to make decisions according to their personal readiness, and encourages them to express their feelings, problems, thoughts and desires.
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