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HIST 211

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by: Cindy Castano Perdomo

HIST 211 HIST 2111 A

Cindy Castano Perdomo

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Weekly notes for History
United States to 1877
Dr. David Mitchell
Class Notes
United stated History




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1 review
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"The content was detailed, clear, and very well organized. Will definitely be coming back to Cindy for help in class!"

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cindy Castano Perdomo on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2111 A at Winthrop University taught by Dr. David Mitchell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in Global Studies at Winthrop University.


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The content was detailed, clear, and very well organized. Will definitely be coming back to Cindy for help in class!



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Date Created: 01/13/16
The Approaching War Slavery in the Territories Expansionism (issue)­Slavery will dominate/ the main issue  Polk is president and went to war with Mexico  U.S went to war with Mexico  Obviously U.S was going to win  What to do with the future sp????? Of war  1846­ DAVID WILMOT (Pennsylvania democrat)  Proposed that any new territory that U.S took from Mexico should be free  territory (NO SLAVERY) of free of slavery (Wilmot proviso) The Wilmot Proviso:  Reason behind this: Mexico ended slavery in their territory, Wilmot propose no  slavery. Because no slavery existed anyways.  Proviso DID NOT pass but it created a debate in congress (4 debates)  2 perspective ( NORTH AND SOUTH) Background:   To all white Americans the west represented a fresh start and possibilities  Southerners: saw American as expansion and more slavery  According to Southern to deny them from having slaves in the west is to deny them from  their American dream  Northerners: disagree, wanted the  right to live and work, without having to compete with slave labor (NO SLAVES IN THE WEST)  Both saw­ different opportunities 4 different debates of slavery 1. Overall outright exclusion ( excluding slavery from west),  WILMOT PROVISO­ to  exclude as well 2. Over popular sovereignty: individual states will decide for themselves to be a free or  slave holding state. 3. Over extending the Missouri compromise  Line all the way to the pacific ocean  4. Over how to define properties rights • The election of 1848  Issue: was slavery in the west after the Wilmot P. failed there was no solution ???  have to deal with this? ???? eventually became a state – Lewis Cass: democratic candidate Background       Democratic party by 1848 had become a national party also attracted blue collar  workers; particular immigrants  Democrats wanted to appeal as many people as they could for votes. POPULAR SOVERIGNTY   LEWIS CASS that ???? the turn ??????????.....  Cass came up with popular sovereignty      The Whigs chose ZACHARY TAYLOR. He was a war hero during the Mexican­ American war  (Old rough and ready) appear ??????????  Some Whigs left the party to join the FREE SOIL PARTY – Free­Soil Party­“free soil, free speech, free labor, free men.”  One of the biggest split?  Economic ??? due to slavery expansion in west  Winner: ZACHARY TAYLOR?   The Whigs party was state in decline.   Taylor last Whig elected as president.  TAYLOR walked in a problem  ????  California   California issue dominated Taylor presidency.  Beg: was economic issue because California announced that there was a discovery ON  GOLD. California gold rush was massive within a year or two. About 2000 people  poured into California. (SAN F.: IMPORTANT CITY) NORMAL TOWN?  People was coming for gold The Compromise of 1850 – California: in 1850 Cali. Applied to become a state  There was no slavery in California  Nonetheless, southern politician blocked California’s admittance   Concern was political power  Issue was on voting rights  Worried 2 more non slave owners would disrupt the balance  President TAYLOR—came down the supporting the idea of California  deciding if slavery or not. ???  California­ angered or argued??? About rights  Afraid 2 Of set balance  Along came HENRY CLAY southerner last thing he did from  Kentucky ???? a compromise – Henry Clay­Compromise of 1850  California.. Southerners would not block Cali. From becoming a state  In return the nation will pass a new FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW (dem)  President TAYLOR died in office  For most of his term in office went to MILLARD FILLMORE?  NEW PRESIDENT in all this  Fillmore: (antislavery) more than Taylor  Further drive Whig party apart and lead to its demise  Fugitive slave law – Fugitive Slave Act  Law was aggressive   Problem: it picked out free slaves as well  Purpose was to rundown runaway slaves gone to north. Problem was it  was so aggressive that a lot of free slaves was seized and put into slavery. Freed slaves had rights to free themselves ???  Another things important the law _____ that the federal gov. pay $10   reward to every captured slave. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Slavery in the Territories • Response to the Fugitive Slave Act – Free African Americans   Freed African Americans in North responded with outrage, created  organization to protect themselves in neighborhoods  Most famous: underground railroad (protective organization)  Was the time when… – Frederick Douglass   Became the leading spoke person for African Americans rights  That set initial response by white americans? Was that they didn’t care it  was seen as marginal   Most americans didn’t care about this issue in 1852  However in 1852, this attitude changed when a wealthy white woman  (HARRIET BEECHE STOWE) PUBLISHED: uncle toms cabin  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe – Southern response  Was a work of fiction but created a national outraged  It lights fire into americans particularly in middle age white women who  were or joined ?anti­slavery movement  People= anti­slavery because of this  Created southern black lash  Created more compassion • The election of 1852 – Whigs  Whigs felled apart   WHIGS: nominated general WINFIELD SCOTT =leader of Mex­ American war  DEMOCRATS: nominated FRANKLIN PIERCE – Democratic candidate Franklin Pierce vs. Whig candidate General Winfield  Scott – This ends 2 party system – And during the election of 1852 conflict in slavery and later in religion will  destroy the party system – Democrats became more southern and more compassionate towards immigrants  particularly (irish) – Where we see the rise of N. political machines (ex: taminal half) – Also where we see the birth of new party (REPUBLICAN PARTY)  Was a regional party  Started as anti­slavery party  But also had elements of anti­immigrants. Sentimisnism as well 


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