Science PHYS 1101 - B02
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mindavi Rey Barnig on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHYS 1101 - B02 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Awad Samir Gerges in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Introductory Physics I in Physics 2 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Science Definition The word science comes from the Latin "scientia," meaning knowledge. How do we define science? According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of science is "knowledge attained through study or practice," or "knowledge covering general truths of the operation of general laws, esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method [and] concerned with the physical world." What does that really mean? Science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge. This system uses observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. The term science also refers to the organized body of knowledge people have gained using that system. Less formally, the word science often describes any systematic field of study or the knowledge gained from it. What is the purpose of science? Perhaps the most general description is that the purpose of science is to produce useful models of reality. Most scientific investigations use some form of the scientific method. Find out more about the scientific method. Science as defined above is sometimes called pure science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of research to human needs. Fields of science are commonly classified along two major lines: Natural sciences, the study of the natural world, and Social sciences, the systematic study of human behavior and society. The Different Fields of Science This is just a partial listing of some of the many, many different possible fields of study within science. Many of the fields listed here overlap to some degree with one or more other areas. Biology Anatomy Immunology Astrobiology Marine biology Biochemistry Microbiology Bioinformatics Molecular Biology Biophysics Morphology Botany Neuroscience Cell biology Physical anthropology Developmental biology Physiology Ecology Population dynamics Entomology Structural biology Epidemiology Taxonomy Evolution (Evolutionary biology) Toxicology Freshwater Biology Virology Genetics Zoology Chemistry Analytical chemistry Polymer chemistry Biochemistry Physical chemistry Computational chemistry Quantum chemistry Electrochemistry Spectroscopy Inorganic chemistry Stereochemistry Materials science Thermochemistry Organic chemistry Physics Acoustics High Energy Physics Astrodynamics Materials physics Astronomy Mechanics Astrophysics Nuclear physics Biophysics Optics Classical mechanics Particle physics Computational physics Plasma physics Condensed matter physics Polymer physics Cryogenics Quantum mechanics Dynamics Solid State physics Fluid dynamics Thermodynamics Earth Science Environmental Science Meteorology Geodesy Oceanography Geography Paleontology Geology Seismology Hydrology
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