REL 205 (Life, Sex, and Death) Lesson 2 Notes
REL 205 (Life, Sex, and Death) Lesson 2 Notes REL 205
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by AnnaThomas on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 205 at Arizona State University taught by Lora Kile in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Life, Sex, and Death in Religious Studies at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
REL 205 (Life Sex and Death) Lesson Two Notes Lesson Objectives: - Define Ritual - Define Rites of Passage -Provide Examples Ritual (as defined by Arnold van Gennep): an interaction between two or more beings that is expected to end with chance, transformation, or some other difference from the beginning of the ceremony Graduation can be considered a ritual. At the start of the ceremony, the candidates for graduation have completed school, but have not had the completion of their education formally recognized. At the end of it, the former candidates are considered full graduates and the completion of their education is formally recognized by other members of society. The three parts of van Gennep defined ritual are separation, transition, and incorporation. The significance of rituals is often in the spiritual or societal rebirth they represent. Victor Turner’s parts of a Rite of Passage Breach Involves the initial separation of an individual from a group. A young girl who experiences her first menstruation is no longer considered a child and is therefore removed from that group. Crisis The separation is increased, sometimes leaving the individual completely separated from any groups in society. It is well known that the girl is no longer considered a child and is not a part of that group in society, however she is also not yet an adult because the rite of passage has not been completed. She sits in an in-between phase. Redressive Action Limitation of the spread of the crisis. This is often the phase where any initiation ritual begins or even takes place entirely. The girl and her family work to fulfill the traditional rites of becoming a woman. Reintegration The initiate leaves the in between state entirely and accepts their new role in society. Upon completing the traditional ceremonies, the girl is fully taken back into society as an adult rather than a child. Multivocality: the ability for the same symbol to hold many meanings (polysemous) The meaning of a tarot card can be greatly altered by whether or not it shows up upside down in a reading. Different phases of the same moon can have different meanings. Three parts make up a symbol’s meaning: indigenous, operational, and positional. Indigenous: The most basic meaning of any symbol. What the symbol means on its own, without it’s contextual use or use with other symbols being taken into account. A gold coin often represents money or wealth. The sun is often a symbol of rebirth or the start of something new. The appearance of “The Tower” in a tarot reading is often seen as an omen of bad things to come. Operational: How the symbol is used A gold coin may be placed on an alter or other place of religious significance in hopes that it will bring wealth to someone’s life. An image of the sun may appear in a rebirthing ritual. Due to its ominous nature, the Tower card will usually only be used as it appears in readings. Positional: How the symbol relates to and can change the meaning of other symbols. When put together, the sun and the coin may represent the start of a new business and hopes it will be successful. When found alone, the “Death” card is only indicative of change, however when both “Death” and “The Tower” appear together in a reading, this can be read as a warning about a death that is about to occur. Liminality: a state of being in-between two things An initiate that has not yet completed the initiation ritual.
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