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PHI 107 Week 1 of notes

by: Nia Gibson

PHI 107 Week 1 of notes PHI 107

Marketplace > Syracuse University > PHI 107 > PHI 107 Week 1 of notes
Nia Gibson
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About this Document

These notes are very important for the base of what a philosophical argument looks like.
R. Muckle
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nia Gibson on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 107 at Syracuse University taught by R. Muckle in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.

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Date Created: 01/14/16
PHI  107 Week of 1/21/15 Argument: Reasoned defense of a claim Rational Force We want our arguments to be VALID ­ an argument is valid when IF all the premises are true  the conclusion must be true.  1. If what Dexter does is uncool, then someone stop him 2. Someone should stop Dexter 3. So, what Dexter does is uncool This is invalid. When we first encounter an argument, not the content, i.e. what the argument is  trying to connive you of. An invalid argument is one whereto premises can all be true and the  conclusion false. 1. If Otto is a grapefruit then SU is in Florida 2. Otto is a grapefruit 3. So, SU is in Florida Order matters.  Soundness­ Valid and the premises are in fact true. So if an argument has soundness it has  validity  1. Either Hammerfall is the best metal band or Manowar is.  2. If Hammerfall is the best metal band, then philosophy rocks. 3. If Manowar is the best metal band then philosophy rocks. 4. Blind Guardian is an awesome metal band 5. Therefore Philosophy rocks ASSUME THESE POINTS ARE ALL TRUE So this argument is valid (although point 4 is irrelevant to the argument). In the end Philosophy  rocks. It is unsound because we have a reason to think point 1 is false.  1. If I’m enrolled in Robb’s 107 class then I have atlas 3 papers to write 2. I am enrolled in Robb’s 107 3. Therefore, I have at least 3 papers This is a sound argument. It is true in actuality, there are no assumptions involved.  Zeno’s Race course/racetrack 1. And distance is divisible into infinitely smaller distances. 2. To move from a point X, to a point Y one must move through all the distances into which the distance between X and Y is divisible. 3. To move from one point to another one must traverse infinitely many distances in a finite  amount. 4. 3 is impossible. so one cant move from X to Y Zeno’s Arrow  1. Space isn't continuing  2. At any one point the arrow fills its space  3. Nothing happens between one moment and the next  4. Because of 3 the arrow doesn't move between moments 5. So, the arrow doesn't move.  Cinematic Theory of Motion


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