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PL110 "Readings in Philosophy"-Week 1 Notes

by: Dempsey Hankins

PL110 "Readings in Philosophy"-Week 1 Notes PL110

Marketplace > Southeast Missouri State University > PHIL-Philosophy > PL110 > PL110 Readings in Philosophy Week 1 Notes
Dempsey Hankins
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About this Document

These notes cover what all Dr. Robinson said throughout this first week. We mainly talked about Socrates and the beginning of modern philosophy.
Readings in Philosophy
Dr. Bambi Robinson
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dempsey Hankins on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PL110 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Dr. Bambi Robinson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see Readings in Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Southeast Missouri State University.

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Date Created: 01/14/16
PL110 Honors “Readings in Philosophy” Week 1 (1/19-1/22) 1/19  Socrates o Father of “Socratic Method” o He marked the “beginning of western thinking”. o He lived in Athens, Greece about 2,500 years ago. o He was told by the oracle that he was the wisest man in Athens. o This spurred him to start asking questions, ensuring that he was the wise.  Example of one of Socrates Arguments: o Socrates: What’s beauty? o Artist: blah…blah…blah….fortune cookie answer o Socrates: Okay, BUT….. o Artist: adjusts fortune cookie answer to answer Socrates’s question by giving him another fortune cookie answer. o Socrates: Okay, BUT…  Plato was a student of Socrates  Plato is responsible for writing down many of Socrates’s arguments and teachings.  Socrates was eventually put to death for his questions. 1/21  Socratic Method is a way to get clarification.  Philosophy: love of wisdom. o Derived from the Greek words “philein sophia”  Philosophers are “professional thinking people”.  The tool that philosophers use is the argument. o Argument: A series of statements (premises) that purport to prove the truth of the conclusion. (P1,P2,Pn, and C)  Philosophy is a critical approach to all subjects. o It’s a way of life. o A use of reason, a way of thinking about ideas o It looks at the justification for beliefs.  Socrates: “Not to only live but to live well”  Philosophers DO NOT have nasty arguments.  Branches of Philosphy: o Rationalism o Empiricism  Rationalism: knowledge comes from reason alone  Empiricism: Knowledge must start with the senses.  Epistemology: the nature of knowledge  Famous Rationalists o Descartes o Leibniz—“father of calculus” o Spinoza  Famous Empiricists o Locke o Berkeley o Hume--“pure empiricist”  These three are known as the Bristish empiricists  Rene Descartes o 1596-1650 o French o He lived during the Enlightenment Period o He studied math, psychology, science before entering the military. o Growing up, he was a sickly child. o He was sent to a Jesuit boarding school. o The monks at the school were kind to him and let him stay in bed in the mornings. o He had an epiphany in the military o He lived in Holland once he got out of the military. o He moved around a lot though, reclusive. o “Meditations of First Philosophy” was his first book. o It was a hit, and many fans wrote him fan mail. o One of those fans was Queen Christina of Sweden o Queen Christina wanted him to come early in the morning to talk philosophy o He got pneumonia while having these early morning talks and died. o Descartes’ Method 1. Accept as true only what is indubitable 2. Divide every question into manageable parts 3. Begin with the simplest issues and ascend to the more complex 4. Review frequently enough to retain the whole argument at once.


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