EN 2223 World Lit Before 1600 Notes for Jan 19 & 21
EN 2223 World Lit Before 1600 Notes for Jan 19 & 21 EN 2273
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna Lewis on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EN 2273 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. James M. Redd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see World Lit before 1600 in Foreign Language at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
EN2223 Notes 1192016 Epic of Gilgamesh Tablets (Chapters 17) Journal on these Tablets. What did you notice find interesting? QUIZ THURSDAY Class Notes: Was Gilgamesh Gay? Not in the sense that we think of it today. Gilgamesh and Enkidu were friends in the most intimate of senses (like sister combined with bff) where intimate means close/knowing someone to their core, not sexual. These two were presented in a husband and wife sense to show how a relationship between anyone should work. Remember this story was told to kings so they would say that kings should have advisors/knights/priests etc. with this level of friendship. Flood Narrative similarities; in the Bible (Hebrew/Christian) and the Torah there is a man named Noah who is told by God to build an ark. Then a flood comes and destroys the earth except for Noah’s family and the animals on the ark. Compare this to the flood in the epic. o Similar; both flood, bird flies away on third day and doesn’t return, humans found out from a God. o Contrasts; Hebrew/Christian God told the humans (Noah) about the flood and told the ones he deemed worthy how to prepare for it. God collected the animals and was very kind. Gilgamesh’s gods did not do this. Gilgamesh finds out by overhearing, the gods are scared of their own power. Notice other Biblical references; City of Babylon, Mt. Lebanon and the rift, Adam and Eve, etc. this story has many Biblical similarities. Even thought the Bible is written later. Some scholars believe that the Bible was modeled after these and other epcis. Other scholars, particularly the religious, believe that these epics are actually dramatizations and changing the stories of the Bible (which are considered true and were just written later but carried in a verbal tradition) to fit local cultures. The role of women; a girl in my discussion group wrote her journal on the role women play in this epic. She said that women are the instigators and are held to a higher level. Dr. Redd added to that saying that in this culture women were often thought of to be knowledgeable and they were respected so women would naturally play a high role in this story. This culture also relished fertility, births, and spring because they were primarily agricultural. Notice Ninsun’s power and influence, Ishtar the goddess and her influence over her father, also Shamhat’s role in civilizing Enkidu and in comforting him later. Character List; you should know these characters and be able to distinguish them o Anu, Aruru, Gilgamesh, Enkidu, Ninsun, Shamash, Shamhat, Ishtar, Eanna, Uruk, Utnapishtim, Humbata, Urshanabi Siduri Enlil Tammuz EN 2223 01212016 Quiz Journal Class Notes So we continued our discussion of the Epic of Gilgamesh, it was mostly hitting on main topics and Dr. Redd hitting some hard parts he wanted to emphasize Gilgamesh develops an obsession with immortality. Pg 76 in the textbook essentially tells him not to worry about death. Gilgamesh is struggling after Enkidu’s death because he has spent his life trying to seek fame and become like a god and die in battle but now he realizes that he will probably die in bed at home and that all he has left is name. He wants to become immortal but he won’t. The gods saved that for themselves. o BTW there is a Harry Potter relationship. Think of the Deathly Hallows and how 2 of the brothers wanted to escape death but the third hid and lived his life then when it was time to die he went willingly because he had made a name for himself. o The Tavern keeper serves to remind us all that immortality is impossible. Remember this narrative was told to kings to remind them to rule justly and that they will all die (kinda grim right?) Notice the difference in the Hebrew God and the gods of Gilgamesh’s culture. Hebrew God is constant, loving, and all powerful. He is jealous but rules with a strong hand and is just but forgiving to those who truly mean it. He also helps his people. However, the gods of Gilgamesh do not. They are childlike, easily angered and often destructive and frightened of humans even though they made them. Dr. Redd also pointed out the description of the underworld on pg 69
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