Popular in Introduction to psychological science
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kate Notetaker on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 100 at Ball State University taught by Biner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see Introduction to psychological science in Psychlogy at Ball State University.
Reviews for PSYS 100
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/14/16
1-‐14-‐16 What is Psychology? • The science of mental behavior and mental processes • It is concerned with everything a person does, thinks, and feels • This includes o Overt actions o Mental functions o Emotional functions o Physiological functions What is a Psychologist? • A psychologist is a person 1. Who holds several advanced college degrees (usually a B.A., M.A., and Ph.D.) 2. Has an additional year or two of training in a specialized area of research • Regardless of the area of specialization… • Research is considered the most important activity of a psychologist!!! • Research answers our questions • Research keeps the science of psychology alive Who else treats psychological disorders? • Psychiatrists • Psychoanalyst Psychiatrists • Have a M.D. with a two year internship in psychiatry • Patients usually have both physical and mental problems • Can and do often write prescriptions • Have little training in emotional disturbances or human behavior Psychoanalysts • Are specialized psychiatrists • Practice psychoanalysis (the study of unconscious motives and dreams) • Spend 4 years in college, 4 years in medical school, and 4 years studying psychoanalysis • All three professions often work side-‐by-‐side in hospitals and mental health settings o i.e. we generally help one another! When we seek therapy, they tend to think of going to a psychiatrist first. However, the practitioner of choice should be a licensed psychologist!! Why?? 1. It is the psychologist who has the extensive training in the treatment and research of mental problems 2. Psychologists do not always take the drug-‐oriented, bio-‐medical view regarding the treatment of disorders a. Drugs often produce further problems like side effects and addictions • Psychologists working with people that have mental disturbances are called…Clinical Psychologists Percentage Breakdown of Specialization Areas for Ph.D. Level Psychologists § 46% Clinical Psychologist § 17% Counseling, Community and School Psych’s § 10% Developmental, personality, and Social Psych’s § 8% educational Psych § 8% industrial/organizational Psych § 6% physiological, neurological, neurophysch’s § 5% statistics and methodological psych’s All specialization areas can be broken down into 2 major subareas: 1. Human Service Fields a. Provide psychological services to the public 2. Experimental Fields a. Teach and conduct research Human Services Clinical Psychologists • Deal with patients with psychological disturbances usually in private-‐ practice or hospital settings o Interview patients o Administer diagnostic tests o Treat patients’ problems with current therapies • Patient problems include: o Anxiety o Depression o Compulsions (washing hands, checking on things) o Schizophrenia (losing touch with reality) Counseling Psychologists • Have patients with less severe problems… o Marriage difficulties o Job-‐choice problems o Child rearing problems • Work primarily in industry, hospital, mental health, and university settings • Both clinical and counseling psychologists are available free at Lucina Hall o 765-‐285-‐1736 Community Psychologists • focus on community mental health • help community and its institutions adjust to problems o drug use prevention campaigns o HIV/STD testing o Domestic violence safe houses and hotlines • Often consult with city/state officials to implement programs School Psychologists • work exclusively within education settings (preschool, elementary, middle, and high school) • their duties vary: o Administering IQ and vocational tests o Interpret test scores o Plan interventions o Aid teachers with classroom problems o Mediate parent/student/teacher conflicts Experimental Fields • These psychologists conduct the major bulk of the research in psychology and also teach Physiological Psychologists § Includes biological and neuropsychologists § Study how physiology affects our behavior • Brain functions • Brain chemistry and neurotransmitters • Hormonal output • Effects of narcotics Developmental Psychologists • Study behavioral, mental, and psychological changes that occur over the span of the lifetime (concentrate largely on child development). Social Psychologists • Study how individuals interact with their social environment (advertising) • Topics of study: o Aggression o Helping behavior o Persuasion o Romantic attraction Educational Psychologists • Study processes of teaching and learning o E.g. studying effects of watching “Sesame Street” on kids’ intellectual growth. Mr. Rodger’s provided intellectual and emotional development/growth • Note: School psychologists use the research provided by educational psychologists Industrial/Organizational Psychologists • Study the psychology of work behavior • Focus on topics like: o Productivity o Job satisfaction o Employee motivation o Absenteeism (staying away from work/school for no reason) General Experimentalists • Includes smaller subarea specialists o Sensation/perception (how we perceive colors) o Social cognition (jury research) o Engineering psychologists o Quantitative psychologists (math portion) o Environmental psychologists ** o Forensic or Legal psychologist History of Psychology • Psychology has branched out considerably considering… o The field is only 130 years old • Psychology did not exist until the 1880s • Broke off as a combination of: o Medicine o Philosophy o Theology (religious philosophy) • The first psychologists adopted the Structuralist Approach.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'