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ANTH 320 Week 1 Notes

by: Hadley Ashford

ANTH 320 Week 1 Notes ANTH 320

Hadley Ashford
GPA 3.776
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Week 1 Notes, includes: -theories of development -how to measure development
Anthropology of Development
R. Colloredo-Mansfeld
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 320 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by R. Colloredo-Mansfeld in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Development in ANTH at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

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Date Created: 01/14/16
ANTH 320 Notes 1/12/16 - Perspectives on development: all have shared premises- know they are talking about same thing, but view it differently o Individual advancement, removing unfreedoms, positive outlook o Power-driven, superpowers help third world, large scale o Production/profit-driven, consequences highlighted o Stages of growth, natural evolution of society - Development learned as a bundle of ideas/disciplines o Ideal o Legacy o Characteristic of an era o Set of practices/institutions that support specific action - 4 premises of development: 4 E’s o History moves toward improved state  Clear stages  Continuous/cumulative  Irreversible  Evolution o Progress= expansion of material, science/technology. Morality  Idea progress= enlightenment o Action required to better society and avoid past errors  Well-off countries obliged to help  Expertise necessary/utilized o Increased productivity/growth in collective market activity  Economy 1/14/16 - Development vs. service: o Development: contributes to progress, indicates knowledge on subject  Historical progress  Advanced/specialized knowledge to justify intervention  Market activity grows  Improvement (moral, science/technology, material) o Service:  Preserve traditions  Enjoyment  Creates/reinforces dependence (mutual or not)  Practitioner gains learning/spiritual growth - Measuring development: o GDP (per capita):  President Truman’s “Point Four” marks change in US ideas of development  Vision included making all scientific/industrial advancement available in underdeveloped areas  Gives quantitative measure of development: GDP (per capita)  Measures success or prosperity  Used to rank world economies  Problems:  Lives can improve outside of GDP o Ex. life satisfaction, peace, lifespan, religious/ethnic tolerance  GDP growth does not always indicate life improvement o Ex. political turmoil in wealthy countries, inequality, unequal access  Example of why GDP isn’t always a perfect measure  TED Talk on improved health: o His pre-test on infant mortality rates disproves GDP statistic  higher GDP does not necessarily equal better health o Measurement matters because creates comparisons between countries  But also can cloud future situations in which it may not still be true  Ex. Students that took TED Talk pre-test were unable to answer correctly because they were influenced by preconceived ideas of development measurements - Measures vs. indicators o Measures: accurate, quantification, comparison, broad observations o Indicators: sub-types of measures, determined to be important, conditions that drive situation  Ex. weight of baby to measure prosperity/health  Ex. women in school as indicator of egalitarian society  Sometimes need to infer these from statistics  Come from theories/research, technology, culture/social relations (a person’s situation) of measures, policies in the measuring nation o Easy to forget/lose context of measure or indicator  Must be able to view them with a grain of salt - Millennium Development Goals to measure progress: example of how to use measures/indicators 1. Eradicate extreme hunger/poverty a. Indicator: proportion of population living on less than $1 per day i. Goal- halve that amount (eradicate half) 2. Universal primary education 3. Etc.  Know these goals for future exams


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