New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week One Notes

by: KatieAlbritton

Week One Notes Hst 270

GPA 3.7
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for The Cold War Era: An International History

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive The Cold War Era: An International History notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes discuss the US's time of prosperity after World War II, including the Cold War and the Civil Rights movement.
The Cold War Era: An International History
Yixin Chen, W. Taylor Fain, Mark Spaulding
Class Notes
Cold War, Soviet Union, USA, civil rights, Marshall Plan, Containment




Popular in The Cold War Era: An International History

Popular in History

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hst 270 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Yixin Chen, W. Taylor Fain, Mark Spaulding in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see The Cold War Era: An International History in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


Reviews for Week One Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/14/16
Week One Notes: The USA at the Pinnacle of World Power, 1945­1965 Katie Albritton Study Soup Major Topics 1. How the US became more deeply involved in global affairs than ever before in its  history 2. The United States' unparalleled wealth and prosperity in the postwar era 3. Persistent social problems, especially the issue of African American civil rights, and  how they shaped international perceptions of the US  Major factors Shaping the United States' Postwar Behavior 1. Determination to avoid mistakes made during the post WWI era 2. Avoid a return of the Great Depression 3. Preserve most of the institutions and values of Roosevelt's New Deal State  ◦ Active energetic government ◦ Benefits for all Americans  Postwar era started off very uncertain High unemployment  Rising costs inflation High layoffs US troops returning from the war 7 million men and women released from military service Office of Price Administration closed Prices driven higher by postwar demand Upset labor movements 1956: the year of labor unrest Protests, strikes, walking out of jobs Want higher wages Arthur Schlesinger Jr.  1949 The Vital Center Centrist, pragmatic liberalism to guide American life in postwar era American capitalism is a good thing Won WWII Harnessed for public good US needed to play an active role in the world in postwar era Stand up to Stalin and Soviet Union Liberal Anticommunism Emergence of the Cold War Stalin's aspirations in Europe US combats/contains Communism Fear of Soviets filling power gap in Europe  Possibility of war? Don't want to be a garrison state, armed to the teeth for war George F. Kennan Containment  Contain Soviet power beyond immediate periphery  Long­term strategy  Accomplished through political and economic means “Cold War” Ideological, political, economic conflict  Conflicts over Turkey, Iran, Greece, Eastern Europe Truman Doctrine, March 1947 Aid to Greece and Turkey Resist Communism US will aid any government attempting to fight Communism Dollar gap Europe struggling to buy goods George Marshall June 1947 European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan) Gives dollars to Europe Keep Communism out of Europe Bretton Woods Conference, New Hampshire, 1944 World Bank (IBRD) International Monetary Fund (IMF) Help create conditions of prosperity in the world Discourage war Benefit American economy, trade Woodrow Wilson Avoid his mistakes No return to isolation Sponsor creation of UN in 1945 to replace league of nations Oversee establishment of new global economic order Rebuild wartime allies and enemies alike No debts or reparations Direct government to government aid rather than reliance on private economic actors 1949 Mao Zedong Proclaims People's Republic of China 1950 Korean War 1950­1953 Fear of becoming “garrison state” Dwight Eisenhower 1953 “New Look” Emphasized technological superiority  Strategic airpower Fear of nuclear war Nuclear deterrence Big freaking game of chicken Loss of Colonial Empires Development of third world Africa, South America, India, South Asia, Caribbean Fear of socialist revolutionaries  Contain revolutionary movements 1952 US supports French attempt to recover Indochinese colonies Overthrow leftist 1953 Iranian government 1954 Guatemala government Patrice Lumumba and the independent Congo  Leftist leader Cuba: Fidel Castro and Che Guevara Communist, anti­American What's Going on at Home? US is prospering  Unemployment below 5% Inflation at 3%, stable High standard of living Why? American savings: consumer demand up Government spending Social security GI Bill Acceptance of Keynesian economics John Maynard Keynes Government active in the economy Military Keynesianism Massive military spending Guns and Butter Military and public spending Europe in Ruins US relatively untouched Lending money Political Consequences Homogenizing effect More conscious of similarities than differences Liberal Consensus Stick to vital center Max individual freedom Necessary centralized government power Eisenhower Preserve most of New Deal Age of Affluence Shaped how US related to the world Jim Crow Alive and Well Racial issues 1944 Gunner Mydral An American Dilemma How can America reconcile creed and behavior? Hypocrisy Liberty, equality Unless you're African American  Period of Second Reconstruction Civil Rights Movement International ramifications NAACP challenge to segregation Dean Acheson, Secretary of State Racial discrimination is an embarrassment  Hard to lead moral free world in this state  Brown v Board of Education Victory, 1954 Desegregate public schools Good! MLK visits Ghana in 1957 to celebrate it's independence  Nonviolent civil disobedience  1964 MLK Nobel Peace Prize 1964 Great Society Programs President Johnson Responsibility of government  1964 Civil Rights Act Desegregation of all public spaces Good Times Come to an End Vietnam War Compromise Great Society Tarnish reputation Costly overextension of containment Bad for American economy High inflation in the 1970s 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.