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by: Hailey Watt


Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > History > HIST 1200 > HISTORY 1200 LESSON 3 NOTES
Hailey Watt
GPA 3.86

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Survey of American History Since 1865
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Watt on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1200 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Staff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History Since 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 01/14/16
Lesson 3 Redeeming the South  Ending slavery destroyed the South’s wealth  After the Compromise of 1877, Redeemers: represented 2 groups-Former plantation owners and emerging business class   The new middle class; gained financial and political power by late 1870s and 1880s  Redeemers focused on 3 issues; o Returning to “home rule”, o reestablishing social conservatism o Developing an economy  Southerners developed industries relying on the processing of natural resources and the labor of women due to lack of cotton and men (killed in war)  Sharecropping system: landowners gave laborers tools to grow crops and in return they would pay them back with interest after a years worth of cropping.   Interests rates so high it reproduced slavery in the south Jim Crow Laws  Jim Crow Laws: Legalization of segregation between whites and blacks.  To restrict blacks from voting “Grandfather clauses” made it so only men whose grandfathers were registered to vote in 1867 could also vote.   Plessy v. Ferguson: Black man was denied access from first class car- resulted in separate but equal  Cumming v Richmond County Board of Education: allowed separate facilities regardless of equality.  public facilities of African Americans deteriorated  Lynching: most brutal form of vigilante justice during 1890s, burnings at a stake, castration, hanging, or a combination.  Jesse Washington was brutally murdered in front of thousands and no one was blamed What were the Jim Crow laws that were put into place in the South? 1. Poll tax 2. Literacy tests 3. Grandfather Clause 4. Plessy v Ferguson 5. Cummings v Board of Educatin 6. lynching The Black Leadership and Response  Booker T. Washington: former slave, leader to overcome racial injustice  Ida B Wells: critic of Washington, famous for her opposition to lynching. Studied lynching as a way to  W.E.B Dubois wanted to exercise black rights United Daughters of the Confedaracy  United Daughters of the Confederacy: formed by Southern women in 1895 to today- preserves importance of confederate history, educate future generations about confederate values, and vindicate the south  2  Deseret: Area in Utah where members of the church (Mormons) moved to establish government What steps did the federal government take to end the practice of polygamy (marrying multiple women) in Utah? o It deposed Brigham Young as governor of the Utah Territory in 1858. o The Supreme Court, in United States v. Reynolds, made the practice of polygamy unconstitutional. o The Edmunds-Tucker Act of 1887 took away the temporal power of the Mormon Church by confiscating any of its assets over $50,000 and establishing a committee to oversee elections in the Utah territory Farm Protests  2 issues remained the same from farmers to industrial workers; overproduction, cycle of debt from property and machines, and costs of producing and shipping.  Grange: first official organization to fight for the rights of farmers. o Founded in 1867 by Oliver Kelley o “Farmers Declaration of Independence” What reforms did Grange fight for? 1. They fought against monopolies. 2. They fought for better rates from grain elevators and railroads. 3. They fought to eliminate middlemen. 4. They fought to limit the salaries of public officials. 5. They provided books for public education. 3 6. They worked to establish teacher-certification programs. 7. They worked to widen admissions policies for new state colleges  Farmers’ Alliance: Formed of southern famers, greatest accomplishment was the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 (a federal agency designed to oversee passenger rates set by railroads and to end unfair practices that benefited larger shippers o Fought for reasonable rates from railroad companies, unfair pricing, women’s rights, and agriculture colleges  Populist Party: Southern and Northern Farmers’ Alliances joined together to make a peoples party. o Met in Ocala Florida to elect senators, reduce national tariff, create sub-treasuries, graduated income tax, federal transportation, and coinage of silver Labor Protests  Haymarket Riot: Police killed 4 rioters, the next day a bomb was thrown and 8 anarchists were arrested  Homestead Strike: Protesters vs. Carnegie’s body guard company- ended with 13 dead  Pullman strike: Pullman Palace Car Company cut their wages and workers strike shut down rail transportation  Coxey’s Army: walk of unemployed workers  William Jennings Bryan: democrat/populist supporter. 4 By the end of the nineteenth century, Americans in each major region were  in desperate need of reform. Economic problems and oversaturated  markets convinced many Americans that the United States needed to  expand into overseas markets and to spread ideas about democracy and  capitalism across the world. These beliefs eventually led the United States  into a larger international context and changed its role in the world. 5


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