This Is Just an Old Psych Paper
This Is Just an Old Psych Paper
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by De'ja Patterson on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to a course at The University of Tennessee - Martin taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 1 The Evaluation of The Effects of Pets and Pet Therapy De’ja B. Patterson La Vergne High School THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 2 Abstract Though it is little mentioned, most people benefit from the presence of an animal. In the research conducted, humans have shown that their physical properties, mental states, and social adaptation levels improve whether it is from knowing the animal for five years, seeing them night and day, or spending time with them for a few short minutes. Years of advancement on psychology results in the advancement of tests and methods for assisting those who need it; therefore, the usage of animals has begun to increase in spread with these growing pains. This paper will address some of the aspects of the results of a variety of experiments and studies. THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 3 The Evaluation of the Effects of Pets and Pet Therapy The earliest recorded history of animal assisted therapy (AAP) is traced back to Gheel, Belgium in the ninth century where inmates at an asylum were charged with the routine care of animals on property grounds. The results were that the patients learned how to control themselves and get onto a healthy path of recovery. The technique seemed so effective that other asylums began to perform the same actions to model (Mallon, 1992). In modern medicine today, pet therapy has become a popular and effective way of attributed techniques used in the healing properties of a human’s being. The evaluation pertains to these three questions: 1. What are the physical advantages of pet therapy? 2. What are the mental advantages of pet therapy? 3. What are the social advantages of pet therapy? There is an extensive amount of evidence that this method does, in fact, work, but on the most common will be mentioned. Each level of advantages lie on a connected biological and psychological level that aid in the recovery processes. 1 Animal assisted therapy or AAT, is the term used when a professional, such as a physical therapist or an average therapist uses trained animals and handlers to achieve specific physical, social, cognitive, and emotional goals with patients. THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 4 What are the physical advantages of pet therapy? There is a necessary need of people to touch things, especially children. It is one of the ways we figure out what something is. So, when crossed with a new animal, there is a strong urge to just simply touch it. It may be a stroke, it may be a pat, but either way, we need to get our hands on. When a person plays, touching something is usually required. Dogs run up to a person and cats rub against legs and sometimes faces. Dopamine and serotonin, two hormones that the body releases to calm and relax, set the impression inside the brain of a controlled and relaxed situation. Another released hormone is oxytocin, which increases the body’s ability of healing and cell regeneration. Those with cancer or another serious illness would gain precious time from this increase in the healing process. In addition to the healing, the longevity of someone’s life increases with it. “In an intriguing study published in the American Journal of Cardiology, researchers followed more than four hundred patients after they were released from the hospital after having a heart attack. One year later, the pet owners had a significantly higher survival rate than nonpet owners. Their guess is the affectionate bond and social support provided by their dogs was reducing their stress and stress is a major contributor to cardiovascular problems” (Coren 2009). It is widely known that in THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 5 order to live longer, a person has to take better care of his or her heart. Several methods from yoga to just taking a brief moment away from a hectic situation helps, but this study shows that dogs do, in fact, relieve stress. In another study in the same article was about “a psychologist, Alan Beck of Purdue University, and a psychiatrist, Aaron Katcher of the University of Pennsylvania, actually measured what happens physically when a person pets a friendly and familiar dog. They found that the person’s blood pressure lowered, heart rate slowed, breathing became more regular and muscle tension relaxedall of which are signs of reduced stress.” He then continues with another study showing that the effects also showed shifts in the blood chemistry revealing reduced amounts of stress hormones. Although these studies mention them, not all creatures assisting in AAT have to be canines. There are a variety, from common small household things, such as cats and goldfish, to large animals, such as equine, and exotics, such as parrots or iguanas. The simple sight of a fish swimming around a bowl can aid in decreasing muscle tension and pulse rate; therefore, decreasing stress. If watching a fish is not your idea of calming, going a brisk walk with your dog improves your heart health also. What are the mental advantages of pet therapy? Those who choose to enroll their pets in pet therapy encounter all sorts of people who require their services. Mentally disabled patients are one of the targeted audiences because of the health advantages mentioned earlier. People with these conditions or developments may find it difficult to trust other people, especially one that craves to pick apart their brain. Using an animal as an ice breaker is mutually beneficial to the interviewer and interviewee. This technique calms down THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 6 anxious clients and delivers a sense of comfort that becomes established on a regular basis whenever a case visits. This perspective also brings up the concept of a person feeling judged often, something a pet simply does not do. They want to be with their companions all the time. Interacting with a working animal reduces depression due to the idea of being needed by something on a constant basis and the unconditional love animals give. When the time comes that an elderly person is faced with the realization that they are all alone without their spouse or family, the constant presence of the household's animal gives them the feeling that they are not alone all the time. Isolation is a result of being abandoned or left behind in the eyes of those it affects; therefore, when there is more than one feeling these affects, they do not feel so alone anymore. Prisoners or juvenile delinquents are not excluded from this circle of affection. Low self esteem, shame, disappointment; the list could go on and on about what the emotions of a regretful convict may feel. Those who have good behavior, on the other hand, to the opportunity to change their attitude in a subliminal way by taking care of the dogs that are kept underneath their noses, literally. Being accountable for living government property teaches convicts responsibility, a good work ethic, and it boosts their selfesteem. Their mentalities build on this idea of being needed and wanted by a positive influence, and the success stories are inspiring. Villalobos Rescue Center only accepts parolees as their clients, and one of their biggest stars is Earl Moffet. "Earl was raised an only child and brought up by a single parent. He often found himself on the streets hanging out with the older kids and says he only knew how to follow by example. THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 7 As a result, Early often found himself in quite a bit of trouble. On a fateful night in 1986, Earl, then only 17 years old, was with people whom he believed to be his friends. He was sent to prison for armed robbery and attempted murder. He received a 22year sentence but only ended up serving 11 years and four months. Soon after his release, he was in trouble again, a charge of possession with intent to distribute and was sent back to prison. It was here, during a game of football with other inmates, where Earl lost the funtion of his right arm. Despite his diability, Earl has a slight advantage over the other parolees: he worked as a dog handler while he was in prison. Despite his turbulent history, Earl remains loving and caring, always putting others before himself. VRC is his first official job, so he feels he has a lot to prove to the resuce but more importantly to himself." (Albert, Lynch 2013) What are the social advantages of pet therapy? The part of society that the spiritual level of animal bonding is appreciated most by the elderly. Pets or licensed animals aid in the acceptance of loved ones lost or undergoing body alterations. Companionship assist with coping with loss. But what does someone do when they have already achieved that step? Being seen out in public with an adorable child catches attention, but a puppy or an exotic bird does so even more. This leads to forced interaction with strangers, assisting in forming new bonds with people one otherwise would never talk to. For the lifelong owner, having animal means you may have to go places you never want to go. Curiosity is the natural response to a new experience, so when a dog sees something it hasn’t seen before, it wants to go check it out. Most just find another new mailbox to relieve themselves THE EFFECTS OF PETS AND PET THERAPY 8 on; others, however, like it a bit extreme. Pictures of a German Shepard skydiving with his Army veteren of a best friend through the Dallas Cowboys stadium roof went viral after kickoff began. Middleaged citizens and above participate in marathons with their energetic children. Older people: coping with loss, new friends/conversation starters, exploration,
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