American Government - POLS week 1 notes
American Government - POLS week 1 notes 18554
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dwayne Young on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 18554 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Kristina La Plant in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 133 views. For similar materials see POLS in Political Science at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT? PUBLIC GOODS product that can be consumed without reducing its availability PRIVATE GOODS products that must be purchased and have limited consumability(iPhones, food) COLLECTIVE ACTION AND PROBLEMS collective action problems – everyone beneﬁts from having a good, however, sometimes the most rational action is to not act at all FREERIDERS – individuals who don’t contribute to public goods but still reap the beneﬁts BELLING THE CAT: Long ago, a cat came into a community of mice and started picking them off one by one, one mouse came up with the solution to put a bell around so they could know whenever the cat came around, so they could act fast. however the problem was, who was going to put the bell around the cat? – The cost of action is so high that sometimes, it is often better to not act at all. THE PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT: HOBBES – STATE OF NATURE a state in which self-interest and anarchy prevents society. – SOCIAL CONTRACT We need government we need rules in order to have some type of reward, individuals gave up some of their rights so others could give up theirs. In order to be governed by a state JOHN LOCKE -Legitimacy of government comes from the people who reserve the right to overthrow that government, of they feel like it violates their natural rights. Very revolutionary. NATURAL RIGHTS: LIFE, LIBERTY & PROPERTY The Bill Of Rights OTHER PURPOSES: MINIMIZE INEQUALITY BASIC FORMS OF GOVERNMENT POWER STRUCTURE SYSTEM OF POWER Democracy Confederate direct Federal representative Unitary AUTOCRACY: RULE OF ONE dictatorship OLIGARCHY:RULE OF ONE GROUP theocracies ANARCHY: RULE OF NONE DEMOCRACY – Any form of government where political power is exercised by all citizens directly via representatives All citizens participate There are no representatives All citizens can create public policy REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY All citizens participate in government People elect representatives to make policy on their behalf – North America, South America, and Australia AUTOCRACY Form of government where political power is controlled by one individual – Cuba, North Africa, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia, North Korea OLIGARCHY Rule of the few/ mainly religious power SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT UNITARY SYSTEM FEDERATION CONFEDERATION - Voters vote for people -voters vote for State, in central government, then Local and Central government central government votes for people for state and local governments
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