Week 1 of Humanities II Lectures
Week 1 of Humanities II Lectures 23032
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Higgins on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 23032 at Tulsa Community College taught by Dr. Bruce MacQueen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Humanities II in Arts and Humanities at Tulsa Community College.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
Lecture 1 01.12.16 Course Introduction • Class Participation - Must have class discussions - However, if not comfortable: post on BlackBoard - Graded for class participation for discussion on BlackBoard - Attendance is mandatory ✴ ✴ Lectures are included in both midterm and final Missed class reflects upon class participation ✴ Readings are also included in midterm and final ★ Look at primary sources in readings • Term Paper Topic (Start thinking about topics now) - Your choice - Must be related to Humanities II - Check your topic with professor before starting - No min/max page count ✴ As long as you prove your thesis throughly, don't need to reach requested page count - Get topic and thesis statement by midterm time Concepts of Zeitgeist and genius loci Two main concepts addressed throughout course: • Zeitgeist : spirit of time : things as we know it are changing in the world - German - The “spirit” that is in the air when someone presents something that is completely different and breaks all of the rules • genius loci : spirit of the place : the feeling, the sensation of a place - Latin - The characteristics that come together to make a place, what it is: climate, history, geography, buildings, landmarks, religion, people, etc. Breakdown of Medieval Synthesis Part 1 • They held a holistic view on life • The church at the time was holding everyone together, hierarchy of power: God Pope Kings (Bishops) Lecture 1 01.12.16 • People are born into their own classes - People stayed in their own position because it was God’s Will • Lifespans were extremely short - Hygiene was terrible in Europe - Unlike the Romans who were very clean • Art andArchitecture was beautiful unlike the streets which were filled with human waste • No one would question the order because it was God’s Will ZEITGEIST: • Fall of Constantinople in 1453 - Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire’s capital - Ottoman Empire defeated it and ended the empire - Greek monks began to run away (mainly west) away from the Islamic Ottoman Empire, t✴king all of their scrolls with them. Left behind all their personal items They headed mainly towards Italy, where they had most trade contacts Lecture 2 01.14.16 What is History? • Facts about the past: - Dates, names of important people, wars, battles, treaties, laws, revolutions, etc. • Astory about the past: - In many European languages, “story” and “history” are the same word - Even in English the resemblance between the two words are not accidental ✴ “History” is derived from the Latin word “historia” ✴ “Story” is derives from theAnglo-Norman French word “estorie” • When we talk about, for example “the history of the United States,” are we talking about: - What actually happened in the past? - The knowledge we have assembled about what happened here in the past? The History of History Historians did not record facts before Herodotus, they • The first historian inAncient Greece aimed to create entertaining and - Herodotus good stories ✴ “History” in Greek means “inquiry” ✴ Known as the Father of History/Lies - His main innovations were: ✴ Writing in prose, not poetry ★ AKAit was not rhythmic ✴ Wrote about things that happened in living memory ★ Ex: Got information from actual veterans when he wrote about the Persain war • In ancient times, “history” was not a subject of study (science or discipline), but instead a way of writing, like a genre. - More like novels - Main purpose was to teach lessons, primarily about mistakes - Wrote about relating events from distant past that had been passed down through word of mouth for generations (especially myths) History “as it actually happened” • Agroup of German Historians in the period between the two world wars tried to write truly “scientific” history: just facts, not opinions or judgements, no bias - Their motto (borrowed from Leopold von Ranke) was “as it actually happened” ✴ In German : wie es eigentlich gewesen ist - Their goal was to mention all available facts Lecture 2 01.14.16 History and Memory • The problems involved with history are mainly involved with the problems with memory - Two aspects of memory: Facts (“semantic” memory) and stories (“episodic” memory) - Human memory is high selective, therefore we forget more than we remember ✴ 20-30 minutes after something happens the hippocampus flushed out the needed but collected information - Things we remember have been filtered - Emotions play a key role in determining memory, how its remembered and what meaning is attached to it ✴ Every memory you have is because it caused an emotional impact Identity Uses Episodic Memory • How do we know who we are? - Our names? But those are seldom unique - Our faces? Faces are often changing - Our bodies? By the end of seven years, all of the cells in your body have replaced - Fingerprints? Most people would not their recognize their own fingerprints if they saw it - DNA? Very scientific, but how many have actually gotten their genome analyzed? - Driver’s License? Birth certificates? Passwords? SSN? PINs? History, Memory, Identity • The best answer is memory - We know the stories, we know who we are. We know more or less where we came from, where we’re going, how we got where we are - Loss of memory leads to fundamental, usually terrible destructive, changes in personality • What is true of us as individuals is also true of us as societies (nations, communities, tribes, families, etc.) - History is a kind of collective memory for a society and determine its identity genius loci!!!
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