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Chapter 1-2 Notes

by: Carmen Thomas

Chapter 1-2 Notes 683

Carmen Thomas
GPA 3.77

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About this Document

Chapter 1: Introduction to Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders Chapter 2: Reader's Guide
Practicum in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Dr. Shannon Titus Dieringer
Class Notes
25 ?




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Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmen Thomas on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 683 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Shannon Titus Dieringer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Practicum in Autism Spectrum Disorder in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Ball State University.

Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology


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Date Created: 01/14/16
Carmen Thomas SPCE 683 Notes Chapter 1: Introduction to Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders This book focuses on established and emerging interventions/treatments for ASD. No  single treatment has been determined best for all individuals with ASD. Social pragmatic developmental interventions  Are becoming widely recognized  Provide positive social connections and generalize skills to natural settings.   Primary focus of this text because they focus on communication and social  interaction in ASD population.   Recognized to likely minimize barriers to learning.  Child­lead, encourage impulsiveness and reinforce contingent responses.  Contemporary behavioral interventions  Support communication and social interaction in ASD population  Use activities and materials the child prefers  Similar to Pivotal Response Training National Research Council, or NRC, guidelines  Initiate treatment as early as possible  Ensure active engagement using intensive instruction  Use developmentally appropriate activities  Include time for planned teaching opportunities in daily schedule  Encourage family participation and peer models to ensure generalization Six educational practices for students with ASD (Iovannone,Dunlap and Kincaid 2003)   Individualized supports and services  Systematic instructional procedures and measured outcomes  Structured learning environment  Specialized curriculum content in social engagement and leisure activities  Functional approach to problem behaviors  Encourage family participation National Standards Project claims behavioral treatments provide strongest support.  Divide interventions into four categories­ established, emerging, unestablished,  ineffective/harmful Gold standard for evaluating treatment efficacy­ randomized control trials. Single­ subject designs have provided most reliability in determining established treatments. Carmen Thomas SPCE 683 Notes Chapter 2: Reader's Guide Researchers are interested in developing interventions that will be effective for as many  individuals with ASD as possible,  Table 2.2­ Four types of research designs for interventions in communication and social interactions. Ranked highest to lowest based on quality 1. Case Study 2. Single Subject Designs 3. Randomized Control Trial, or RCT 4. Systematic Review Evidence­based practices are used by numerous team members to address the  student's needs ­ Speech Pathologist, Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists,  Behavior Therapists, etc. They make plans based on  Clinician's expertise  Scientifically­based research relevant to student  Family and child's values, beliefs, preferences, etc.  Always considered the child's developmental level and areas of significant deficits. 


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