One week of notes
One week of notes GOVT 2306
Popular in State and local government
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amina Notetaker on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Rumenov Iliev in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 208 views. For similar materials see State and local government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
Federalism (one week notes) Supremacy clause Benefits? Creates multiple republics Evolving concept Origin of the idea of federalism o Federalists 9 and 39 (origins from federalist papers) o Advances in study of politics Fed. 9 o Science of politics o Distribution of power into specific departments o No one single person has ultimate territory o Legislative power in checks and balances Governor doesn’t want them to do then our judiciary or executive can do something about it o Lessening the bad things that might occur Hamilton on Federalism o Lower factions-not controlled in a positive way Different factions fighting against each other o Order o Looking at interests of large and small groups Water policy (small group) Canadians (big group) State and local government o States have agreed to this system-rules in our constitution Madison on Federal Government o 3 aspects Character of government Government that shares power Authority of constitutional convention Comes from the states-give authority Federal government created from bottom-->up Duty of convention of government Evidence of "federal character" o Started from bottom and then moved to top o Not selecting president on a national vote o Selecting representatives that vote for us o State level o Don’t have nationwide representation o National security, healthcare-government powers Shifts in federalism o Everything nowadays is held by federalism Employment rules Police systems Building production o Expansion 1920's-new deal-Great depression=great shift in power o "top-down" approach Federal government telling state government what to do- what policies to adopt "bottom-up" State government to federal government Examples Healthcare acts-changing things Legalizing marijuana Same sex marriage Rise of federal government o 1929-1945 o Franklin Roosevelts election led to a shift Great Depression o Stock market crash in 1929 o Unemployment o Failure in businesses The New Deal o Social security (Still have today) o More assistance to states using federal money o Changes in banking, agriculture o Money is insured if bank goes bankrupt o Congress gave authority to president (Roosevelt) Delegation: someone giving power to someone else Problem: not willing to give back Roosevelt and supreme Court o Not ok with the changes^ (of the New Deal) o FDR pushed supreme court and told them if you do not support it then I will put my men into supreme court and changes decisions Congress can expand the supreme court o Supreme court agreed to accept the New Deal Constitutional revolution of 1937 Social Security o Establishes power to federal government o Social security Act of 1935 Developments in federalism o National Security o International and interstate commerce o Large scale capital projects Creating major infrastructure Federalism Nowadays o Public safety police o Education School districts that are small but still have power No child left behind o Social welfare Social security unemployment o Roads States deal with Federal government can impose changes o Public improvements Federal level Unemployment compensation o Regulation of commerce and workplaces Changes in New Deal o Occupational safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety in buildings o Securities and Exchange commission (SEC) Federal level Interstate vs intrastate Congress between states o Food and Drug Administration Food Electronics o Merit based bureaucracy Ability to perform tasks o Racism perceptions-moved away from states Top-down policy o Federal government impose powers on state government o Federal government comes up with a guideline o State government administer the problems Picket-fence federalism Minimum requirement for eligibility for social welfare Benefits Alliances between state and federal bureaucrats Policy specialization Problems different in different locations-the way they are dealt with Drawbacks Unfunded mandates Federal government applies guidelines that you have to follow but won't give money to help Problem for states Budgets are slim Delegation and monitoring Have to monitor federal government Monitor state government-expected to Examples No child left behind US and State departments of Agriculture working together-cooperating Transportation policy Unemployment insurance
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