Politics and Government Notes
Politics and Government Notes GOVT 2306
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amina Notetaker on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Rumenov Iliev in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 843 views. For similar materials see State and local government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
Politics and Government Politics o Whatever group of society is getting what stuff and how they will get it o Different from economics Why do we need government? o Enforce the things we want/preferences o Organization-has power of coercion o Solve problems that markets cannot or are not willing to solve o External force o Collective action Organization o Structure of government-people who carry out the functions o Independent of occupant Legitimacy o We are accepting to actions of government (whether we agree or not) o Systemic loyalty to government o Government can survive without legitimacy Examples: Syria and North Korea (by force) o Built how? Divine decree (whatever I say goes) Democratic Selection (Texas: selecting representatives) Reputation Coercion o Separates government from non-government Example: things we don't necessarily like Taxes Waging war, etc. Public and collective action o Government actions translate preferences into policy o Have to understand the preferences (of the people voting for you) What does government do? o Rules o Decision-making (rationality) o Security, protection of property o Public goods-water provided by governments How does government affect you? o Government regulations o School o FDA (toothpaste, etc) Can government fail? o Building chemical plant upstream-weren't prepared for the chemical spill o Government did not know enough about the chemical Social contracts o Government and the public interact through an organization o Problems Collective action problems Sometimes we do things that are rational on an individual level but not for the whole of society National defense Jury duty Public health o Cost of providing assistance to public good is of low benefit But if one person benefits then the public as a whole benefits-public goods o Restrict people's preferences o Social norms/restrictions o Social contract between members of society
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