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Survey of US History notes on Jan 14

by: Tom174

Survey of US History notes on Jan 14 HIST 2110 - 040

Marketplace > History > HIST 2110 - 040 > Survey of US History notes on Jan 14
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About this Document

Covers slides we discussed in class as well as one of the readings.
Survery of U.S. History II
William D. Bryan
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tom174 on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 - 040 at a university taught by William D. Bryan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views.


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Date Created: 01/14/16
Jan 14 ­ Survey of US History  Pre­Columbian societies in America 1. Geological formation of North America 2. Migrations to North America 3. Pre­ columbine societies in Central and North America (Maya, Aztec, Mississippian,  Hohokam) Reading response on bright space/D2L Mary Rowlandson has a unique account of this era. Most writing from 1670's did not  survive from women. She fled from England to Massachusetts from the Catholic Church as a Puritan. 1676 Native Americans take her hostage and 19 others moving from place to place over 3 months. She is ransomed at the end of the conflict of King Phillips War. ~40% of Native American population is killed vs. 5% of colonist Her story became a number 1 seller at the time, tells about Indian Captivity narrative. 1. Only published work from Puritan women 2. Tells her story about interacting with natives ~paints natives in a negative light, yet she describes her captives as being generous She had “slave status” ~wanted to write from her religious perspective ~preface is her apology for being a women writing Familiarities King Phillip talks to her, all speak English and trade with each other. Natives are  wearing English clothing and have English guns. "Praying Indians" aka converted to  Christians. She is ransomed for British cash money. The war starts because neighbors are tired of  each other and is over the frustration that comes with settlers expanding into new land. Humans were able to adapt to the cold climate as they migrated locations. Learned how to make clothing from animal skins. For 15,000 years the Earth climate cools down and  a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska forms allowing early­mid humans to travel to  the Western Hemisphere. Megafauna were the first to cross the land bridge to find food. Humans followed large animals into new land. Migrations 15,000­9,000 years ago Clovis/Paleo­Indian groups (south Central American) 8,000 Ancestors of Navajo and Apache (southwest America) 5,000 Ancestors of Aleut and Inuit (Canadian Eskimos) *Topper site in Central America Native American civilizations 11,000 years ago large animals go extinct. Humans being to hunt smaller animals and  begin foraging for food, and begin growing and cultivating food. People began settling  down and form their own cultural identities or tribes: had to adapt to local situation that  brought about a very diverse group of Native Americans. Maya civilizations United through common language. Focus on growing crops, mainly  corn: "Children of the Corn". Are able to supply many people with food and thus build  large cities supported by peasant villages. ~very advanced in science and math at the time. Astronomically inclined. ~decline after 600 due to mass producing corn and fights break out Aztec civilization found city Tenochtitlan in 1325 and expanded empire by military  conquest. Worshipped sun god. 5­20 million person empire. Most buildings were  religious and were used for religious sacrifice. Aztecs do not decline until Cortez comes  and conquers the empire in the 1500's . Mississippian people settled in south east North America. 600­1500 AD. Rely on wide  spread agriculture and are able to build large town and cities. Build mounds instead of  stone temples. Cahokia is the largest city built by Mississippian society. Also  worshipped sun god. Peaked in 14th century and declines because of European arrival. Hohokam Civilization flourished in south west North America. Live in a dessert and  struggled with growing crops and develop advanced irrigation networks to harvest water for agriculture and thus build large urban areas. Do not build mounds or temples but use clay to build Pueblo Cliff Dwellings. No rigid class structure and decline because of poor farming techniques and drought. All these civilizations rely on agriculture to support large populations. When Columbus  arrives America models Europe and changes very rapidly due to arrival of European  settlers.


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