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History 103, Week One

by: Bridget Heiland

History 103, Week One 103

Marketplace > University of North Dakota > History > 103 > History 103 Week One
Bridget Heiland
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About this Document

These are the first week of notes from the two lectures on Tuesday and Thursday.
United Staes to 1877
Robert Caulkins
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Heiland on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 103 at University of North Dakota taught by Robert Caulkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 114 views. For similar materials see United Staes to 1877 in History at University of North Dakota.


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Date Created: 01/14/16
Tuesday, 11/12 1 America is a great nation i We have represented the best hope for freedom and opportunity for millions ii Railroads transformed and connected the nation iii We are innovators, we have created markets for goods where non previously existed iv We improve what is invented. We are competitors. v We explore and open new frontiers vi We have broken the soil and help feed the world vii We have split our blood and spent our treasure in the defense of others and ourselves viii Today Americans are people who came-- and are still coming from everywhere, including those whose ancestors were brought here against their will ix This is the raw material of those who make up America 2 Values: i. What are American Values? ii. Where do they come from? iii. Who decides on what they are? iv. Can they be changed? v. Should they be changed? vi. Have we imposed our values on others? 3 Examples i. Jamestown Virginia, 1607 ii. The Myth of the Empty Continent iii. Pilgrims, Puritans, English Setters in New England 1620-1630 iv. The Declaration of Independence. The "non-official" embodiment of American Idealism. i. A war for independence from Great Britain i. 1775-1783 ii. The outcome was never assumed to be successful iii. The Constitution and the Bill of Rights. An "official" and practical application of governance agreed upon as our social contract between the governing and the governed. iv. Fundamental differences in values- changes in attitudes based on values were not settled through the carnage of war. Thursday, 11/14 The 1500's: Changes in the European World and America 1 First migration to the "New World" came from N.E. Asia during the last Ice Age- 20,000 years ago. 2 In the 1942 the total indigenous population for the western hemisphere is estimated to have been between 50 to 100 million. 3 Different climates and different geography shaped cultures and largely determined the success or failure of indigenous people to populate different parts of the continent Cities: 1 Cahokia, Il, Population 25,00 between 1000-1500 AD 2 Taos Pueblo, New Mexico, people still live there. New World: 1 Columbus did not discover America. He discovered Central America  Spanish missions to the New World to collect wealth for Spain Four main reason the Spanish succeeded beyond their numbers in the New World i Attitude ii Religion iii Disease iv Technology Christopher Columbus i 1451-1506 ii No existing portraits exist- no one actually knows what he looks like iii "The Requirement" - language barrier Johannes Gutenberg 1450 i Fifteenth century internet and the birth of advertising Treaty of Tordesiillas- i Pope Alexander 1493 Henry the Vlll. 1 Excommunicated 1533, English Act of Supremacy 1534 Marks the establishment of the Anglican Church The Columbian Exchange  Horses, cow, pigs, chickens  Over 65 fruits, vegetables, and plants  Disease: the new world provided the bacteria for the form of Syphilis that went back to the "Old World" Spanish Commemorative woodcut, 1493 "A Great Lorde of Virginia" from a briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia, Richard Hakylut (1590). Mary Tudor i 1516-1558 ii Ruled from 1553 until death iii Wanted to turn England back into a Calthoic nation iv Her husband was in line for the thron Church of England produced Henry the 8th Queen Elizabeth i Ruled from 1558 until her death in 1603 ii "Plantation" rule in Ireland was the English model used in the New World Mary Queen of Scots i Expected 8 February 1587 ii Mary's execution at Elizabeth's command fuels calls from Catholic Monarchs for the overthrow of England iii She was the Queen's cousin iv First in history to kill someone in your own family (or have to) Respectable Pirates i Sir John Hawkins- established triangular trade route for the British, trading guns and goods for Slaves from Africa, to the sugar plantations of Caribbean taking rum and sugar back to England ii Sir Francis Drake - circumnavigated the globe-- harassing the Spanish where ever he went. Plunders Spanish gold shipments. Instrumental in defeating the Armada iii Sir Walter Raleigh - Makes British claims in America, especially in Virginia and North Carolina Spanish Armada vs. Britain Final Score: England-Holland: 1 Spain-Portugal:0


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