PSYS 100 Biner Week 1 Notes
PSYS 100 Biner Week 1 Notes Psys 100
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by kthorgan on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psys 100 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Paul Biner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychological Science in Psychlogy at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
Psychology 01/14/2016 ▯ What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes It is concerned with everything a person does, thinks, feels This includes: o Overt actions o Mental functions o Emotional functions o Physiological functions ▯ What is a psychologist? Someone who holds several advanced college degrees Has an additional year or two of training in specialized area of research o Regardless of the area of specialization research is considered the most important activity of a psychologist o Research answers our questions o Research keeps the science of psychology alive ▯ Who else treats psychological disorders? Psychiatrists o Have a medical degree with a two year internship in psychiatry o Patients usually have both physical and mental problems o Can and often do write prescriptions o Have little training in emotional disturbances or human behavior Psychoanalysts o Are specialized psychiatrists o Practice psychoanalysis (the study of unconscious motives and dreams). o Spend 4 years in college, 4 years in medical school, 4 years studying psychoanalysis o All three professions often work side-by-side in hospitals and mental health settings o Generally help one another ▯ Psychologists working with people that have mental disturbances are called clinical psychologists **Percentate Breakdown of Specializations Areas for Ph.D. Level Psychologists 46% Clinical Psychologists 17% Counseling, community, and school Psych’s 10% Developmental, personality, and social Psych’s 8% Educations Psych’s 8% Industrial/Organizational Psych’s 6% Physiological, Neurological, and neuropsych’s 5% statistics and methodological psych’s ▯ ▯ All specialization areas can be broken down into 2 major subareas: Human services fields o Provide psychological services to the public Clinical Psychologists Deal with patients with psychological disturbances usually in private-practice or hospital settings Interview patients Administer diagnostic tests Treat patients’ problems with current therapies Patient problems include: Anxiety Depression Compulsions Schizophrenia Counseling Psychologists Have patients with less severe problems Marriage difficulties Job-choice problems Child rearing problems Work primarily in industry, hospital, mental health, and university settings Community Psychologists Focus on community mental health Help community and its institutions adjust to problems Druge use prevention campaign HIV/STD testing Domestic violence safe houses and hotlines Often consult with city/state officials to implement programs School Psychologists Work exclusively within education settings- elementary, middle, high school Their duties vary: Administering IQand vocational tests Interpret test scores Plan interventions Aid teachers with classroom problems Mediate parent/student/teacher conflicts Consult on teaching/learning processes Experimental Fields o Teach and conduct research Physiological Psychologists Includes biological and neuropsychologists Study how physiology affects our behavior Brain functions Brain chemistry and neurotransmitters Hormonal output Effects of narcotics Developmental Psychologists Study behavioral, mental, and psychological changes that occur over the span of the lifetime (concentrate largely on child development) Social Psychologists Study how individuals interact within their social environment Topics of study: Aggression Helping behavior Persuasion Romantic interaction Educational psychologists Study processes of teaching and learning E.g. studying effects of working Sesame Street on kids’ intellectual growth Note: school psychologists use the research provided by educational psychologists Industrial/Organizational Psychologists Study the psychology of work behavior Focus on topics like: Productivity Job satisfaction Employee motivation Absenteeism General Experimentalists Includes smaller suvarea specialists Sensation/perception Social cognition Engineering psychologists Quantitative psychologists Environmental psychologists Forensic or Legal psychologists ▯ ▯ Psychology has branced out considerably considering The field is only about 130 years old ▯ Psychology did not exist until the 1880’s ▯ ▯ Broke off as a comvination of: Medicine Philosophy ▯
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