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STS Week 1 notes

by: Ann Carter Herbert

STS Week 1 notes AAH 20560

Ann Carter Herbert

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Week 1 notes
History and Theory of Art 2
Andrea V. Feeser
Class Notes
Science and Technology in Society
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AAH 20560 at Clemson University taught by Andrea V. Feeser in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see History and Theory of Art 2 in Art History at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/15/16
STS     • Metacognition:  thinking  about  thinking     • Worldview:  how  you  perceive  things,  that  technology  does  not  change  us  as   people   • Science:  Body  of  Beliefs  (we  hold  them  to  be  true)   • Justified  Beliefs;  all  you  need  for  technology   o Only  has  to  meet  one  criteria-­‐  it  has  to  work     o On  the  other  hand,  science  can't  just  work,  we  have  to  know  WHY  it   works     o We  do  science  to  find  out  WHY   • Aren’t  S&T  the  same  thing?  No     • What  is  Science:  knowledge  attained  through  study  or  practice;  or;   knowledge  covering  general  truths  of  the  operation  of  general  laws     • Science  is  a  process;  science  refers  to  a  system  of  acquiring  knowledge  by   using  observation  and  experimentation  to  describe  and  explain  natural   phenomena     • Less  formally,  the  word  science  often  describes  any  systematic  field  of  study   or  the  knowledge  gained  from  it   • Did  science  or  technology  come  first?     o Technology  came  first…think  cavemen  making  tools  to  survive,  that  is   technology.  Science  is  a  luxury;  therefore  cavemen  didn’t  have  the   luxury  or  time  to  practice  science     • What  does  Science  do?  The  most  general  description  is  that  the  purpose  of   science  is  to  produce  useful  models  of  reality     • What  is  Technology?     o A  strict  definition  is  elusive   o “technology”  can  refer  to  amterial  objects  of  use  to  humanity,  such  as   machines,  hardware  or  utensils,   o but  it  also  encompass  broader  themes,  including  systems,  methods,   etc   • Tech  was  developed  to  enable  us  to  things  we  could  not  do  previously,  or  to   do  things:   o Faster   o Easier   o Cheaper     • Humans  are  not  the  only  organisms  to  use  technology     o BUT  humans  are  the  only  ones  that  ask  WHY;  therefore  Science  or  art   is  our  claim  to  fame  as  humans,  not  technology     • Technology  came  first  as  we  needed  to  survive   • Science:  came  later  as  we  needed  to  know  why     Why  Technology  is  not  value  neutral:   • Technology  modifies:   o Social  roles   o Relationships   o Values   o The  way  you  think   o The  way  you  act  (manners)   • How  things  change:  ***  remember  these***   o Technological  progress  has  three  kinds  of  effects:   § The  desired   § The  unforeseen     § The  foreseen   • Example:     o The  cell  phone:   § Broken  down  car   • Foreseen  and  desirable   § Obsession  or  addiction  to  phone   • Unforeseen  and  undesirable     • Over  sharing:  people  sharing  private  info  by   talking  on  the  phone  in  public  which  was   previously  seen  as  unacceptable     o A  break  down  in  manners  and  reshaping   of  manners   • Bottom  line:   o If  technology  yields  a  benefit,  it  will  extract  a  cost     Winners  and  Losers:   • Every  Technological  change  (and  scientific  breakthrough)  gives  certain   people  advantages  and  creates  disadvantages  for  other   • It  is  impossible  for  everyone  to  benefit   o Yir  Yomont   o Luddites-­‐  people  that  resist  technology     § Workers  afraid  of  losing  their  jobs     § Unskilled  labor  replacing  skilled  laborers  (for  less  $)     § Recent  wars  had  depressed  economies     o Neo-­‐Luddites-­‐  no  one  can  actually  be  a  luddite,  but  people  can  resist   certain  technologies  for  various  reasons   o Technological  fixes  are  more  like  band  aids  to  a  cure  because  it  does   not  usually  address  underlying  social  unbalance     Abstract:  simplification  of  a  complex  subject     • Specialization   World  View:  your  world  view  is  very  important  to  what  you  have  to  offer  to  your   boss,  etc     Seminal-­‐  the  original  idea,  where  an  idea  originated       Digital  Nation  Film  (watched  for  Homework):   • What  is  a  Digital  Native?   o Someone  born  in  the  digital  age,  grew  up  around  technology   o Gives  the  advantage  to  do  what  is  physically  impossible;  the  ability  to   do  two  things  at  one  time  (multi-­‐task)   • What  are  the  implications  of  being  one?   o Patience  is  lost     o Mistakes  are  more  easily  made     o Less  of  a  better  understanding  (this  is  a  lower  order  understanding)   o A  non-­‐digital  native  could  explain  a  subject  as  a  5  grade  level  once   they  clearly  understand  it   o Loss  of  confidence  in  research   • For  those  who  were  not  born  as  such,  how  differently  do  they  (the  non-­‐ digital  native)  see  the  world?   • Once  the  non-­‐digital  natives  (aliens)  are  gone,  what  will  have  been  lost?   • The  opening  theme  put  forth  by  the  film  maker  is  that  she  “did  not  see  if   coming”     • Now,  the  “geek”  identity  is  more  widely  accepted  and  are  seen  as  something   much  more  cool   • The  nature  of  education  has  changed     • There  is  now  pressure  on  the  teacher  to  demand  students  attention  over  the   distraction  of  the  technological  worl     • Her  concern  is  that  this  now  places  teachers  in  the  uncomfortable  position  of   conforming  to  the  students  expectations     • Fact:  Networking/  Multi-­‐Tasking  interferes  with  the  ability  to  focus   • Some  students  think  it  is  unfair  for  a  professor  to  limit  their  access  to  multi-­‐ tasking  during  class   • Students  believe  they  are  adept  at  networking  and  that  the  professor  is   “behind  the  times”   The  Stanford  Study:     • A  problem:  the  technology  is  changing  so  fast  that  there  is  no  real   understanding  of  the  effects     • Research  on  the  effects  will  lag  behind  the  progress     Facts  about  your  brain:   • Before  you  reach  the  age  of  20,  you  are  still  developing  the  myelin  that  allows   nerve  signals  to  flow  freely  in  your  brain   • So?   • So  the  brain  of  most  college  age  individuals  is  still  developing     • Addiction  is  a  form  of  learning     Back  to  Education:   • Is  multi-­‐tasking  an  important  job-­‐related  skill?     • Are  traditional  educational  goals  realistic?     • Concentration:  the  ability  to  focus  was  once  a  hallmark  of  the  educational   system-­‐once  thought  it  was  one  of  the  most  important  defining  skills     o If  this  is  being  lost,  the  what  valuable  skill  is  being  gained?   Concentration:     • The  concern  is  that  MT  is  robbing  digital  natives  of  their  ability  to   concentrate  for  an  extended  period  of  time     • If  this  is  being  lost,  then  what  valuable  skill  is  being  gained?   o Time  efficiency       o Accessibility   o Greater  span  of  knowledge  in  a  shorter  time   o Broader  information   o Greater  access  to  sources       • Your  Brains  on  computers   o This  can  change  how  people  think   o In  its  absence  people  get  bored     o Easily  amused  because  easily  bored     o Even  after  the  multitasking  ends,  the  multi  tasking  state  of  mind   continues     o Anything  you  do  rewires  your  brain  


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