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Anthropology 201 Week 1: Introduction

by: Amanda Peace

Anthropology 201 Week 1: Introduction ANT 201

Marketplace > Northern Kentucky University > anthropology, evolution, sphr > ANT 201 > Anthropology 201 Week 1 Introduction
Amanda Peace
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World Cultures
Dr. Sharlotte Neely

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Introduction to Anthropology. Discusses the characteristics of the field, four main subfields, & applications. Also includes an introduction to the four types of human societies
World Cultures
Dr. Sharlotte Neely
Class Notes
Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Culture, Human Society




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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Peace on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 201 at Northern Kentucky University taught by Dr. Sharlotte Neely in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see World Cultures in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Northern Kentucky University.

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Date Created: 01/15/16
ANT 201 What is Anthropology Notes 14 january 2015 What is Anthropology Characteristics Holistic studies human beings both culturally and physically looks at every aspect taking a whole or generalized approach rather than a specialized viewpoint Evolutionary studies human beings over all periods of time from ancient civilizations to the modern era NonWestern Emphasis studies and compares people from aH world cultures but tends to emphasize cultures and ethnic groups that are often marginalized by other disciplines those from Africa the Middle East Oceana Asia Australia Latin America and Native North Americans Fieldwork Method studying people mainly through direct observation by means of living amongst them known as participant observation this requires that the anthropologist lives in the community they are studying learns the local language and become as much a part of the group as any outsider can Sub elds Cultural Anthropology study of living peoples39 ways of life primarily done through eldwork and in the nonWestern world BiologicalPhysical Anthropology study of peoples amp nonhuman primates as biological beings both in the past evolution and in modern times Anthropological Linguistics study of mostly though not always nonWestern amp preliterate language and of the nature of language Archaeology study of past peoples ways of life through excavation amp analysis of artifacts many more sub elds exist amp are being created all the time examples include Educational Anthropology Religious Anthropology Economic Anthropology etc The above are just the four broad main ones Applications Academic Anthropology study of any of the sub elds for the knowledge and insights they provide about humankind Practicing Applied Anthropology use of any of the sub elds to solve peoples practical often pressing problems Public Anthropology the communication of anthropological knowledge to the public through museums parks and other public education settings Fieldwork Participant Observation Characteristics 1 Culture Shock feeling of disorientation suddenly experienced when one enters into a culture entirely different from their own a strong adverse reaction to great cultural differences in ways of life sets of attitudes behaviors and etiquette foods etc when living in a foreign culture can last for weeks months or longer depending on the person amp level of integration in the new culture Lasts a long time for a number of reasons ie it takes a while to learn a language takes a while to get over culture shock life is different in different places at different times of the year etc Learn the language Live with and like the people Become the quotinsideroutsider Two Important Themes 1 Fourth World Peoples the nativeindigenousfirst peoples in First World Nations ie the world s democratic economically advanced countries like the United States Japan New Zealand Norway Australia and Canada 4 Types of Human Societies a bands unsegmented kinbased groups whose populations did not exceed the 100 s they are egalitarian societies where leaders are situational and statuses must be earned or achieved bands are hunting amp gathering foraging they got everything directly from nature societies and were at least somewhat nomadic this is what the rst human societies were like b tribes segmented kinbased egalitarian groups sometimes tribes have leaders with in uence but status is still only achieved as in bands tribal populations usually number in the 1000 s and may use horticulture gardening pastoralism herding or mounted hunting herding to hunt as their main means of subsistence c chiefdoms segmented kinbased societies whose populations usually number in the 10000 5 chiefdoms are nonegalitarian leaders have authority and status is both ascribed that is inborn and achieved chiefdoms subsist by means of horticulture gardening d states large segmented diverse lawbased as opposed to kinbased societies with populations generally numbering in the 100000 5 states are nonegalitarian they are ruled by leaders with authority and power and status is both ascribed and achieved states are agricultural farming societies


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