History 201 - French Colonization in North America
History 201 - French Colonization in North America History 201
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Darnley on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 201 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Stephan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see 1492-1876 in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
January 19 , 2016 French Colonization in North America 1. French Model of Colonization: a. Male colonists would marry and have kids with Native American Women and have children referred to as “Métis” b. Trade (not conquest) c. Jesuits: Missionaries would go on expeditions with explorers to spread the word of God 2. French Quest for Colonies a. Northwest Passage to Asia: i. They thought that if they kept traveling along the rivers they would find an outlet into the Pacific Ocean and straight to Asia 1. Jacques Cartier: a. 3 voyages; !53442 (had to stop because of French civil war) b. last voyage: Great Lakes froze over and everyone on his crew died c. ALL FRENCH EXPLORATION STOPS B/C 50 YEARS WAR 2. Samuel de Champlain a. 1608 b. family was a mariner (shipping and cargo) c. Inherits ship and fortune d. “GOV of new France” but not officially because he wasn’t actually part of the French Monarch b. Trade i. French Indians: knives, axes, fish hooks, glass, kettles, woven goods, copper, brass *MANITOU: more jewelry = more spiritual energy that you have ii. Indians French: beaver, pets, otter pelts iii. Trading Partners Allies: middle ground (not fully one sided) 3. French Colonists: a. Woodsmen: Courers du bois (Runners in the woods) i. Trappers and traders b. Missionaries: i. Récollet (Franciscan) 1. 16171625 ii. Jesuits (society of Jesus) 1. Missionaries, educators, overseas, hardship 2. Stress on rituals and the Pope’s authority 3. Asceticism to deepen faith
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